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That’s the type of transformative leadership that was needed to revolutionize higher education. Works Cited Anderson, J. (n.d.). Historically black colleges and universities. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/itvs/fromswastikatojimcrow/blackcolleges_2.html Brown II, M. C., & Ricard, R. B.
This definition ma... ... middle of paper ... ...ace, culture, identity, community and power in the American society. Works Cited 1. Fields, Barbara, J “Ideology and Race in American History,” in Kousser, J. Morgan and James M. McPherson, eds., _Region, Race, and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of C. Vann Woodward_, Oxford, 1982: 143-177. 2. Holloway, Joseph, E “Africanisms in American Culture_.
Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. New York: Penguin Books, 1989. Sims, Serbrenia J. Diversifying Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A New Higher Education Paradigm.
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“James Meredith and the Integration of Ole Miss.” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 16 (Summer, 1997): 112-22. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=1077-3711%28199722%290%3A16%3C112%3AJMATIO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W Howard, William L.. “Meredith, James Howard.” The African American Encyclopedia. 1993. “Meredith’s Fight for Admission to University Spans 16 Months.” New York Times 1 Oct. 1962: 25. “Mississippi Rejoins the Union.” New York Times 1 Oct 1962: 30. Sitton, Claude.
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The primary goal of these black scholars was to counteract racism and the discrimination of the African-American race in America. The field also drew its strength from the struggle for self-determination, academ... ... middle of paper ... ...ence of the discipline, African-American studies will hopefully be integrated into all areas of higher education. Works Cited • Asante, Molefi K. "Afrocentricity." Latest Books.
Debate: Booker T. Washington Verses Dubois The subject of higher education versus industrial education in the Black society has existed since the two options were open to African-Americans after liberation. Both modes of education act a vital part in African-American corporate identity since they both act as one of many cultural representations. Corresponding to the late Dr. John Ogbu, a former anthropology professor at the University of California (Berkley), corporate identity refers to “people’s sense of who they are, their ‘we feeling’ or ‘belonging’” (Ogbu 3). He moreover states that corporate identity is shown with “emblems or artistic symbols, which follow their attitudes, ideas, feelings, habits, and literature or dialect” (Ogbu 4). Determining which kind of education acts as a cultural figure of African-American corporate status seems to be the core of the present debate, and this design explores this point in more detail.