Many white Southerners were not in favor of the 13th Amendment so many Southern states enforced Black Codes, which basically returned blacks to slavery without calling it slavery. In the Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the decision was made to legally allow whites to have a separate life away from the blacks. Because of this decision, whites were expected to act superior to blacks. They continued to control the blacks even though blacks were considered free. Whites were also given special benefits called “white privileges” that blacks did .not receive.
After the emancipation of slaves, many things changed throughout the south. The slaves had the title of freed people, but these freed people didn't have the same rights and privileges as their white counterparts. Even though the freed slaves were suppose to be able to live an equal life with the whites, the whites still found ways to keep the African-Americans from being equal with them on all levels. The whites imposed all kinds of hidden rules towards the blacks and the consequence of breaking those laws was death. The whites did not want the ex slaves to be equal and even after the white men's mistress failed at assuming the jobs of their ex slaves, the slave masters still didn't give blacks credit for being able to do the work that they did.
Another factor which made it harder for freed slaves to enter the society was the Ku Klux Klan organization, which can be described as “Original American Terrorist Organizations”. Most white’s southern viewed literacy, political equality, or any advancement for blacks as a loss to whites. (3) Terrorist groups like the Klan, the Knights of the White Camelia, the Red Shirts, and several others formed during Reconstruction to maintain the preexisting social order of white supremacy in the South. Black Americans had to suffer a lot, but still later on they
Beginning with the 'black codes' established by President Johnson's reconstruction plan, blacks were required to have a curfew as well as carry identification. Labor contracts established under Johnson's Reconstruction even bound the 'freedmen' to their respective plantations. A few years later, another set of laws known as the 'Jim Crow' laws directly undermined the status of blacks by placing unfair restrictions on everything from voting rights all the way to the segregation of water fountains. Besides these restrictions, the blacks had to deal with the Democratic Party whose northern wing even denounced racial equality. As a result of democratic hostility and the Republican Party's support of Black suffrage, freedmen greatly supported the Republican Party.
Now, Public segregation is illegal. Black Americans had to take mighty steps that may have seemed small at the time, but they have had a significant impact on society. Those efforts were just the beginning of the fight for desegregation. Because of their hard work, today we live in a remotely equal community. Without the disobedience of African americans, life in America would have continued to be segregated and divided.
In order for them to achieve this, the white southerners came up with the Jim Crow laws to prevent the African Americans from achieving their god given right of being free and equal. This did not end the African hope of becoming equal. After many years of mistreatment, African Americans knew that change in society was necessary. The members of the black population have been enslaved, beaten, abused, neglected and just taken advantage of, since the end of the civil war, even into present times, African Americans have struggled for equality and rights that white Americans often take for granted. Arguably, no post-war struggle was larger or more significant than the movement to eliminate the Jim Crow laws from existence in the South.
(13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery)Although slavery was unjust, it led to laws of equality and redefined freedom. Until now, slaves were a major factor in the everyday lives of Americans. However, using slaves for labor and treating them more as objects instead of people became a negative trend set by slave owners. To illustrate how the slaves were previously treated before amendments were made to the constitution, one might ask a previous slave owner to recall a few accounts of abuse. Abuse was more prevalent that one would expect.
In the material sense, Blacks were no longer bound to the institution of slavery as stated in the Thirteenth amendment. However, Whites were able to systematically control elements of southern society that kept the majority of blacks from being socially, economically, and politically free. Individuals like Benjamin Mays and Ida B. Wells were not capable of succeeding let alone existing before emancipation. The social fluidity demonstrated during the time period helped to motivate African Americans in their freedom struggle.
Both generations of Jim Crow have been implemented through legal laws or ways that the government which helps to justify the implementation of this unjust treatment of blacks. In chapter one of Alexander, she lays out the foundation of the original Jim Crow. With slavery abolished within the south, whites were beginning to feel that their economic success was going to begin to deteriorate. Without the ability to exploit blacks and keep them as slaves, it was difficult to find individuals to be able to work these horrific jobs. It also damaged the economic status of rich whites because they now were required to pay individuals for the labor that they did.
An advantage of this system was that it gave blacks the power to break contracts and move if they wanted to. The Bureau built hosp... ... middle of paper ... ...oned in this paper this new life was unfortunately not a life of equality but it was a change from being a slave. This of course was the most important success of the Reconstruction. This unfortunately was overlooked and southern whites began for example using segregation, lynching, and codes in place of the former slave days to keep blacks "under control". Works Cited Hine, Darlene C., Hine, William C., Harrold, Stanley: The African-American Odyssey Volume Two: Since 1865.