Bipolar disorder

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Bipolar disorder was previously known as mania or manic depressive disorder until around 1980. It was recognized as a disorder sometime around the second century. However, it was not until 1650 when Richard Burton wrote the book, The Anatomy of Melancholia, that put together mania and depression that it was seen as a real problem. Bipolar disorder is characterized by a combination of depression, or feeling low or sad, and mania, which is extreme happiness. It includes mood swings ranging from anger and anxiety to being overly excited. The behavior varies over spans of time. More than four million people in the United States have been diagnosed and include men, women, and children, and 25 percent experience symptoms off and on during their life. Bipolar disorder can be diagnosed and is treatable. It is important to recognize the symptoms and identify the appropriate treatment because of the serious complications associated in absence of treatment. Bipolar disorder can be managed, and those with the disorder can lead productive lives in society. Two types of bipolar disorder, bipolar disorder type I and type II, are most commonly recognized types of the disorder. Bipolar disorder type I usually includes major depression and mania. This is the type most are familiar with when referencing the disorder. Type II differs in that one does not experience as much mania. The exacerbation often is seen with medical problems or drug abuse. When someone has multiple occurrences, it is referred to as rapid cycling. This means that there will be four or more instances within the year when the problem is seen. Type II is most often seen in women. Finally, there are types of bipolar disorder that are not as severe as type I and I... ... middle of paper ... therapy. The more aggressive cases of bipolar disorder may require electroconvulsive therapy or transcranial magnetic stimulation. Hospitalization is associated with these due to potential for significant side effects. Alternatives to medical treatment are available but are not proven holistic in managing bipolar disorder. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, refraining from alcohol and illegal drug use, and incorporating positive influences and relationships into daily activities are recommended. An exercise program like Yoga might be recommended to help regulate one’s mood and support a healthy sleep schedule. These changes are not specific to bipolar disorder. However, they are recognized as supportive interventions in a successful treatment plan. Massage therapy, herbal supplements, and acupuncture are other options tried when treating bipolar disorder.

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