Bipolar Disorder (Formerly known as Manic Depression) is a mental illness linked to alterations in moods such as mood swings, mania, and depression. There is more than one type, Bipolar I and Bipolar II, and the subcategories are divided by the severity of the symptoms seen, such as cyclothymic disorder, seasonal mood changes, rapid cycling disorder and psychosis. Age of onset usually occurs between 15-30 years old with an average onset of 25 years old but it can affect all ages. (Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital , 2013) Bipolar disorder affects more than two million people in the United States every year. (Gardner, 2011)
Bipolar disorder affects over 4.4%, or ten million people in the United States, and 2.4% of people worldwide according to the National Alliance on Mental Illnesses (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 3). According to Comer (2013), bipolar disorder is defined as a psychological state in which a person experiences radical changes in mood including both the lows of depression and the highs of mania (p. 244). Not only does bipolar disorder affect mood, but it also affects energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks. It can affect relationships and school performance, and in some cases, it may even lead to suicide. It is normal for everyone to go through ups and downs from time to time, but the symptoms of bipolar disorder are much more severe. Because of this, bipolar disorder is not easy to diagnose and many people suffer for years before actually being diagnosed. It is a long term illness that usually starts in late teens or early adulthood, but symptoms may develop in childhood or later in life for others (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2009, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 1). Bipolar disorder, however, is treatable and patients are able to lead productive lives and perform well with the proper care, management, and medication (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 2).
Bipolar disorder was formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, named after the two “poles” of the condition. Bipolar disorder is the extreme swings of mood and activities level. A person will wing from one pole to the next with no warning. Depressions and lethargy are one end of the spectrum of emotions and extreme elation and hyperactivity is the other end. This disorder is alternate periods of mania. A person could go years without going to either extreme or they could constantly go back and forth from each side of the spectrum. There are about five levels in the spectrum, the two farthest apart are extreme depression and the maniac phase. The next two in are mild depression and some elation and agitation. Right in the middle of the spectrum is the calm, people show no signs of the disorder and carry on like a normal human being. The maniac phase is very wild and uncontrolled, the depression phase is very lonely and painful; although scientists have yet to find the exact cause of the disorder there are treatments that can help this disorder.
Bipolar disorder I is a mood disorder characterized by periods of manic behavior alternating with major depression. “Bipolar disorder affects about five million seven hundred thousand adult Americans each year”, says the national institute of health. There are two types of Bipolar disorder; there is Bipolar disorder one and two. Bipolar Disorder I is requires at least one manic episode and in 80-90% of cases, people also experience depression. A manic episode is defined as a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least one week or more. Some symptoms that distinguish the difference between bipolar I are: agitation, suicidal, family history of bipolar disorder, increased frequency of depressive episodes, and usually found in younger ages. Although the bipolar one should be treated properly, bipolar one in most cases needs more attention/treatment. With that being said, if someone with bipolar one disorder is not in a healthy environment for someone who is bipolar than the affects can be horrible. Having Bipolar disorder is said to take nine years off your life expectancy.
Bipolar Disorder is a complex psychological disorder, a mental illness also known as manic depression. In Margarita Tartakovsky’s article “Bipolar Disorder Fact Sheet” she states “Approximately 2.6 percent of American adults have bipolar disorder.” People who are affected by this condition experience brutal mood swings that could impair their daily activities and have a negative effect on their lives and relationships. It can cause the individuals to make very poor decisions and even lead to drug and alcohol abuse. They experience high and low mood changes which can be very exhausting not only to the person with the condition, but there family and loved ones as well. When one is experiencing a “high” in mood, they can feel like they are invincible. They become very self-confident and feel like they can do anything, which can lead to overspending, reckless thinking, and bad decision making. When experiencing a “low,” the individual becomes very depressed, sad, and even feels hopeless. According to Tartakovsky, “suicide attempts are very common in bipolar disorder, especially during depressive episodes.” There are several types of bipolar disorders, but the two main types are Bipolar I and Bipolar II. Bipolar I is the definitive type of the bipolar disorder, and the person will constantly go through both the manic and depressive stages of the condition. The length of these episodes will differ from time to time. In Bipolar II, the manic stages are not as severe as Bipolar I; nevertheless, the depressive stages are quite similar (bipolar). But what causes this life altering mental illness? Several factors contribute to the cause of bipolar disorder such as genetics, biology, and environment.
Bipolar I disorder is a mental illness characterized by severe episodes of mania followed by periods of depression. A manic episode is defined as feelings of euphoria, restlessness, impulsiveness, anger, or irritation. A depressive episode is characterized by feelings of sadness, fatigue, and a sense of worthlessness. These episodes can endure for a few days to a few months. Bipolar II disorder differs from Bipolar I because it has hypomanic episodes, which are less severe than mania. Bipolar I is also characterized by hallucinations, which are not present in Bipolar II. Severity in these symptoms also varies, but is not to be confused with ordinary mood swings. Approximately six million Americans suffer from Bipolar I disorder(). This disorder is usually diagnosed during early adulthood, but is possible to occur in children as well.
Bipolar disorder reveals mood and behavioral changes such as extreme irritability, being easily distracted, and even suicidal thoughts are common. “Mood episodes” are referred to as the intense emotional stage that a person goes through. The overly joyful, excited state is a manic episode; and the extremely sad, hopeless state is a depressive episode. There is also a mixed episode, which is a combination of the two states. People with this disorder are often explosive and wrathful during a mood episode. Roughly 70 percent of manic episodes occur immediately before or after a depressive state (Tartakovsky).
Bipolar disorder (Sometimes called ‘Manic Depression’) is a psychological disorder that can affect people of any age, gender or race. It affects approximately 1 in 100 people. Sufferers of bipolar disorder will experience episodes of hyperactive or overly exited behaviour, or ‘mania’ followed by periods of depression. Each phase can last for weeks, even months, and
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness affects about 1.2 percent of the U.S. population (8). It is defined by fluctuating states of depression and mania throughout ones life. Those who are depressed may be restless, irritable, have slowed thinking or speech, decreased sexual activity, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, suicidal thoughts as well as other changes. Those in a manic state may have increased activity or energy, more thoughts and faster thinking, grandiose thoughts, decreased sleep and need for sleep, increased sexual activity, elated mood, irritable mood, as well as other symptoms. Mixed state is when both depression and mania are exhibited at the same time in a cycle. Rapid cycling is when episodes occur more than four times a year. This is more prevalent in women and is also more resistant to treatment. There are two forms of bipolar I disorder, bipolar disorder and bipolar II disorder. The difference between the two is that bipolar I disorder is what is typically thought of as bipolar disorder with episodes of severe mania and depression, bipolar II is when the episodes are depression and hypomania, which is milder than a full manic episode. The exact cause of the disease is unclear. The most probable case is that there are many factors that contribute to the disease.
Bipolar disorder is a manic-depressive psychiatric disorder that causes extreme changes in mood and energy levels, which alternate over extended periods of time. These changes, or episodes, are referred to as mania and depression, and occur in cycles throughout life. Between these episodes, about two-thirds of patients are symptom free, with the remaining patients experiencing lingering symptoms. However, a small percentage of patients experience chronic, persistent symptoms despite treatment (Basile, 2005, p. 166).
Two types of bipolar disorder, bipolar disorder type I and type II, are most commonly recognized types of the disorder. Bipolar disorder type I usually includes major depression and mania. This is the type most are familiar with when referencing the disorder. Type II differs in that one does not experience as much mania. The exacerbation often is seen with medical problems or drug abuse. When someone has multiple occurrences, it is referred to as rapid cycling. This means that there will be four or more instances within the year when the problem is seen. Type II is most often seen in women. Finally, there are types of bipolar disorder that are not as severe as type I and I...
Bipolar disorder is perhaps one of the most tragic mood disorders today, because it virtually taunts with the affected person's mind. Bipolar disorder also known as manic depressive disorder is a mental condition in which the person alternates between feelings of mania and depression. These feeling are extreme opposites, and thus create tremendous mental and physical stress on the person affected. This unfortunate disorder affects one to two percent of the adult population. Before bipolar disorder can b e fully understood, the two main mood stages must first be identified. During an endless bout with bipolar disorder, a person experiences many stages of mania and depressiion. Different symptoms of mania included an increase in energy or activity, rapid speech, excessive excitement, extreme irritability and distractibility, a decrease in the amount of sleep needed, uncommonly poor judgment, or increased sex drive, denial, overspending, and high risk behavior. All of these symptoms may not be prevalent in a bipolar disorder patient, however, the more severe the case, the more likely all symptoms may occur. A depressed episode includes the opposite characteristics, including a persistent sad or empty feeling, decreased energy, loss of interest in activities normally enjoyed, difficulty concentrating, change in appetite or body weight, and thoughts of suicide. There are also two less severe stages in bipolar disorder a patient may go through, which are mixed episodes and hypomanic episodes. A mixed episode contains characteristics of both manic and depressive stages occurring at the same time. Mixed episodes are the most difficult to treat, because different types of medicines are necessary for mania. A hypomanic episode is characterized by less severe, less constraining symptoms of mania. Doctors often overlook hypomanic episodes. When a person experiences a combination of four episodes within a year the person is considere to be going through rapid cycling. Often times, patients need combinations of drugs, which take a while to deciper, so it often takes about a month to find the correct prescription for somone.
Bipolar disorder is a mental disease that causes a rapid shift in mood, usually between mania and depression. The manic episode of bipolar disorder usually results in an abnormally large dosage of energy. During manic depression, an individual may go on an unnecessary shopping spree or even quit their job. Mania is usually followed by an episode of depression, which could lead to suicide if not properly treated. Bipolar disorder is usually treated through medication. Medication for bipolar disorder usually includes a mood stabilizer, such as Lithium, with an anti-psychotic drug, such as Zyprexa (Bipolar Disorder, n.d.). While medicine is the more popular remedy for leveling the mood of a bipolar disorder patient, meditation has also been introduced as an effective cure for the symptoms.
Bipolar disorder, as defined by the Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, is a mood disorder that causes a person to suffer extreme emotional changes and shifts in mood. Previously known as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder causes alternate periods of mania and depression. To fully understand the effects of this disease, it is important to comprehend the meanings of mania and depression. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines mania as “excitement manifested by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganization of behavior, and elevation of mood.” Depression, on the other hand, is defined as “a psychiatric disorder characterized by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of extreme sadness, guilt, helplessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death.” (Merriam-Webster). The combination of the two results in emotional chaos.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong mood disorder characterized by periods of mania, depression, or a mixed manic-depressive state. The condition can seriously affect a person’s reasoning, understanding, awareness, and behavior. Acco...