Bipolar Disorder (Formerly known as Manic Depression) is a mental illness linked to alterations in moods such as mood swings, mania, and depression. There is more than one type, Bipolar I and Bipolar II, and the subcategories are divided by the severity of the symptoms seen, such as cyclothymic disorder, seasonal mood changes, rapid cycling disorder and psychosis. Age of onset usually occurs between 15-30 years old with an average onset of 25 years old but it can affect all ages. (Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital , 2013) Bipolar disorder affects more than two million people in the United States every year. (Gardner, 2011)
Bipolar disorder affects over 4.4%, or ten million people in the United States, and 2.4% of people worldwide according to the National Alliance on Mental Illnesses (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 3). According to Comer (2013), bipolar disorder is defined as a psychological state in which a person experiences radical changes in mood including both the lows of depression and the highs of mania (p. 244). Not only does bipolar disorder affect mood, but it also affects energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks. It can affect relationships and school performance, and in some cases, it may even lead to suicide. It is normal for everyone to go through ups and downs from time to time, but the symptoms of bipolar disorder are much more severe. Because of this, bipolar disorder is not easy to diagnose and many people suffer for years before actually being diagnosed. It is a long term illness that usually starts in late teens or early adulthood, but symptoms may develop in childhood or later in life for others (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2009, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 1). Bipolar disorder, however, is treatable and patients are able to lead productive lives and perform well with the proper care, management, and medication (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 2).
Bipolar disorder I is a mood disorder characterized by periods of manic behavior alternating with major depression. “Bipolar disorder affects about five million seven hundred thousand adult Americans each year”, says the national institute of health. There are two types of Bipolar disorder; there is Bipolar disorder one and two. Bipolar Disorder I is requires at least one manic episode and in 80-90% of cases, people also experience depression. A manic episode is defined as a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least one week or more. Some symptoms that distinguish the difference between bipolar I are: agitation, suicidal, family history of bipolar disorder, increased frequency of depressive episodes, and usually found in younger ages. Although the bipolar one should be treated properly, bipolar one in most cases needs more attention/treatment. With that being said, if someone with bipolar one disorder is not in a healthy environment for someone who is bipolar than the affects can be horrible. Having Bipolar disorder is said to take nine years off your life expectancy.
...isodes. In other cases, episodes can be directly related showing seasonal patterns. These cases are called "rapid cyclers" meaning four episodes within twelve months. In patients with Bipolar I the disease usually starts with a manic episode. The manic episodes that the individual has outweighs the depressive episodes. In Bipolar II patients suffer from sever depression. They might undergo slight manic episodes, but depressive episodes do outweigh them. In mixed states depressive and manic symptoms occur simultaneously in rapid successions. Bipolar disorder can be life threatening due to the extreme mood swings between the sense of hapiness or despair and grief. The continuous alteration between episodes makes it profoundly difficult to deal with everyday normal life and situations. This can cause an increased risk of suicide in bipolar disorder patients.
Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression disorder/illness can be defined in many ways. One definition is a mood disorder in which a person swings back and forth between wild euphoria and frenetic bursts of energy (the manic phase) to such deep, dark, and overwhelming depression that a person may contemplate or attempt suicide. (Hirshkowitz & Smith, 2004, p. 107) This illness/disorder seems to affect both men and women in about equal numbers and can get increasingly worse if left undiagnosed or even untreated.
Bipolar I disorder is a mental illness characterized by severe episodes of mania followed by periods of depression. A manic episode is defined as feelings of euphoria, restlessness, impulsiveness, anger, or irritation. A depressive episode is characterized by feelings of sadness, fatigue, and a sense of worthlessness. These episodes can endure for a few days to a few months. Bipolar II disorder differs from Bipolar I because it has hypomanic episodes, which are less severe than mania. Bipolar I is also characterized by hallucinations, which are not present in Bipolar II. Severity in these symptoms also varies, but is not to be confused with ordinary mood swings. Approximately six million Americans suffer from Bipolar I disorder(). This disorder is usually diagnosed during early adulthood, but is possible to occur in children as well.
Bipolar disorder reveals mood and behavioral changes such as extreme irritability, being easily distracted, and even suicidal thoughts are common. “Mood episodes” are referred to as the intense emotional stage that a person goes through. The overly joyful, excited state is a manic episode; and the extremely sad, hopeless state is a depressive episode. There is also a mixed episode, which is a combination of the two states. People with this disorder are often explosive and wrathful during a mood episode. Roughly 70 percent of manic episodes occur immediately before or after a depressive state (Tartakovsky).
Bipolar disorder is a manic-depressive psychiatric disorder that causes extreme changes in mood and energy levels, which alternate over extended periods of time. These changes, or episodes, are referred to as mania and depression, and occur in cycles throughout life. Between these episodes, about two-thirds of patients are symptom free, with the remaining patients experiencing lingering symptoms. However, a small percentage of patients experience chronic, persistent symptoms despite treatment (Basile, 2005, p. 166).
Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness, is a mood disorder that affects many more children and adolescents than formerly known. Mania, hypomania, and depression are the general categories of symptoms involved in bipolar disorder. Mania often begins with a sense of heightened energy, an exaggerated optimism, and self-confidence. People in this state of mind can be very impulsive and use poor judgment. They can be excessively irritable and show aggressive behavior. They may have an inflated sense of self-importance and a decreased need for sleep. (Fawcett 38)
The mania stage of bipolar disorder is like the happiest moment of a person's life, exaggerated to the full capabilities of the human mind (analogy). This becomes a problem when the feelings are so strong that the person looses contact with reality.
Bipolar disorder, as defined by the Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, is a mood disorder that causes a person to suffer extreme emotional changes and shifts in mood. Previously known as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder causes alternate periods of mania and depression. To fully understand the effects of this disease, it is important to comprehend the meanings of mania and depression. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines mania as “excitement manifested by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganization of behavior, and elevation of mood.” Depression, on the other hand, is defined as “a psychiatric disorder characterized by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of extreme sadness, guilt, helplessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death.” (Merriam-Webster). The combination of the two results in emotional chaos.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong mood disorder characterized by periods of mania, depression, or a mixed manic-depressive state. The condition can seriously affect a person’s reasoning, understanding, awareness, and behavior. Acco...
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function.