Rates of bipolar disorder are similar throughout the world. At least fifteen percent of people with bipolar disorder commit suicide. Bipolar disorder is much less common than depression. Many people with bipolar disorder function normally between episodes. Medications known as “mood stabilizers” are usually prescribed by psychiatrists to help control bipolar disorder.
American Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 60, 5−76. Foa, E.B., Keane, T., and Friedman, M. (2000) (Eds.) Treatment guidelines for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. New York: Guilford Press. Foa, E. B., Rothbaum, B. O., & Furr, J. M. (2003).
–Matchbox 20, Unwell (Thomas, 2003) Those who suffer from bipolar disorder experience constant ups and downs. The APA defines bipolar disorder as “recurrent episodes of mania alternating with episodes of major depression” (Griswold, 2000). Mania is an overexcited mood, often characterized by an unrealistic, optimistic state, excess energy, and insomnia. (King, 2010) People in states of mania also frequently experience uncontrollable impulses such as sex, gambling, and alcohol abuse. (Das, 2005).
7 May 2000 http://www.lucidity.com/LD8DFM.html. Ochberg, Frank M. "Gift From Within." Psychotherapy. 28:1 (1991). 7 May 2000 http://www.sourcemaine.com/gift/trauma.html.
4, Article 9 Kahn, Ada P., M.P.H., Fawcett, Jan, M.D. Encyclopedia of Mental Health Maple-Vail Book Manufacturing Group New York, NY 1993, pg. 325-328 Kime, Robert E. Grolier Wellness Encyclopedia The Dushkin Publishing Group Inc. Guilfort, CT. 1992 pg. 91, 107-108,109-110 Nichols, Mark "Schizophrenia: Hidden Torment" Maclean's Magazine Jan. 30, 1995 Sirs: Mental Health Vol. 5, Article 22 Patlak, Margie "Real Lives, Imaginary Terror: Schizophrenia" FDA Consumer Sept./Oct.
Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/differences-between-outpatient-and-inpatient-treatment-programs/0007531 Galanter, M., M.D. (2008). Spirituality, Evidence-Based Medicine, and Alcoholics Anonymous. PsychiatryOnline. Retrieved from http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleID=100364 Peele, S., PhD.
There are many signs and symptoms commonly associated with depression, although most do vary with each individual. Most symptoms include frequent sadness, feelings of hopelessness, decreased activity, persistent boredom and low energy, social isolation, low self esteem, extreme sensitivity, frequents complaints of illness, poor concentration, and thoughts or expression of suicide (www.focusas.com). In order to be diagnosed as suffering from depression, patients must have 2 or more of the above symptoms for at least two weeks that cause severe distress or interfere with daily life (Zoloft 2001). The specific causes of depression are not known. It is suggested that depression is actually a result of a combination of certain factors, such as biological and psychosocial factors (Kendler 1995, www.surgeongeneral.gov 2004).
How is it possible for people to get OCD? I... ... middle of paper ... ...BBC Interactive (BBCi) Science and Nature:Human Body and Mind, retrieved April 5th, 2004 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/articles/disorders/gallery/gallery_case4.shtml?disorder=4&submit.x=5&submit.y=10 (7) Nangle, Douglas W., O’Grady, April C., Sallinen, Bethany J., Successful Medication Withdrawal Using Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for a Preadolescent with OCD. Journal of Academic Child Adolescence Psychiatry, 43:11, 1441-1444. November 2004. (8) Multiple Authors, Fluoxetine in Children and Adolescents with OCD: A Placebo Controlled Trial.
1st edition. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc., 1999. Smith, Carolyn A., Timothy O. Ireland , Terence P. Thornberry, and Laura Elwyn . "Childhood Maltreatment and Antisocial Behavior: Comparison of Self‐Reported and Substantiated Maltreatment." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.