Bipolar- Abnormal Psychology

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SUMMARY- For our final project we chose to study Abnormal Psychology. Before we could start this study we first needed a good idea of what exactly defined something or someone to be abnormal. Psychologists struggle to precisely distinguish from normality and abnormality. Many definitions are used to define abnormality but all of them have their advantages and disadvantages. “Abnormality as deviation from the average” is one definition that is used. This definition is based on that we observe and what behaviors are rare or that don’t occur frequently in a specific environment. These are the ones said to be abnormal. The problem with this definition is that some of these behaviors that are said to be different than the norms of the society aren't actually abnormal enough to be considered a mental disorder. If this concept was believed one hundred percent than those with an unusually high IQ would have a label saying they were mentally disabled because a high IQ is statistically rare. (Feldman 503-534) Just because something is rare that does not necessarily mean that it is automatically abnormal. In earlier psychology abnormality was linked to superstition and witchcraft. People who would show signs of being abnormal were accused of being possessed with the devil. Now that sciences and technology has advanced these disorders are better understood, and treated in a more humane manner. There are six major perspectives used today that suggest the different causes and treatments of such abnormalities. They are the Medical Perspective, the Psychoanalytic Perspective, the Behavioral Perspective, the Cognitive Perspective, the Humanistic Perspective and the Sociocultural Perspective. All of which refers back to basic psychology. For... ... middle of paper ... ...bert. Understanding Psychology. 10. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Companies, 2011. 503-534. eBook. 1 Hirschfeld, Robert M.A., M.D., Janet B.W. Williams, D.S.W., Robert L. Spitzer, M.D., Joseph R. Calabrese, M.D., Laurie Flynn, Paul E. Keck, Jr., M.D., Lydia Lewis, Susan L. McElroy, M.D., Robert M. Post, M.D., Daniel J. Rapport, M.D., James M. Russell, M.D., Gary S. Sachs, M.D., John Zajecka, M.D., “Development and Validation of a Screening Instrument for Bipolar Spectrum Disorder: The Mood Disorder Questionnaire.” American Journal of Psychiatry 157:11 (November 2000) 1873-1875. " Bipolar Disorder Statistics." DBSA. Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance. Web. 17 Mar 2014. . "Bipolar Disorder Signs & Symptoms." HelpGuide.Org. HELPGUIDE.ORG, n.d. Web. 19 Mar 2014. .

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