Machiavelli lived in Florence, Italy, at this time politically organized by city states. Machiavelli wanted to free Italy from foreign rule. As well as, unite and strengthen the Italian city states. Today we know Machiavelli as, “one of the founders of philosophy of history and one of the first to create a political science based on the studying of historical actions.”(Dr. Mike). Machiavelli is chief interest of his “professional life was foreign policy, and… the subject bulks large in The Prince.”(Adams).
The ends justifies the means. During medieval times, it was important for a good king to be honorable and actually possess all of the aforementioned qualities. During the Italian Renaissance, people were suddenly free to question how things had always been, including the running of government and politics and morality in general. Machiavelli, being the renaissance man that was, makes this very clear with the advice he puts forth. To conclude, the Italian Renaissance was a time of immense change.
Social Life in Medieval and Early Modern Italy Nicolo Macchiavelli and The Prince At the end of the 14th century, Italy was still politically organized by city-states. Emerging as one of the most influential writers of the Renaissance, Niccolo Machiavelli was a political analyst, whose aim was to free italy from foreign rule, as well as to unite and strengthen the Italian city states. Machiavelli believed Italy could not be united unless its leader was ruthless. In 1513, he wrote his best-known work, The Prince, in which he describes the ways that a prince may gain and maintain his power. Machiavellie advises his rulers to be kind only of it suited their purposes.
Niccolò Machiavelli transformed political theory by forming new ideas essential to the progress of Europe in the 16th century, strengthening the Heads of State in Italy, and revolutionizing views on politics through his views of power and dominance. The ideology that Niccolò Machiavelli manifested in his many political writings created a new motive for politics. Before he began his works such as The Prince and The Discourses, Machiavelli had a different idea of political thought. His ideas changed most notably from 1503 to 1513 (Mattingly 6). He was known for his creation of Machiavellianism, a theory that entails understanding politics primarily in terms of who dominates whom and how successfully,.
Throughout the book Whittam discusses how the movement evolved, the consequences and the outcome of the movement and what transpired during the supremacy of Fascism. Whittam gives a modern reassessment of government and military a... ... middle of paper ... ... to the hardships that took place a century ago. In addition, it is amazing how one man can bring together and unite a whole country and nation as one. Lastly, “Fascist Italy” has made me want to examine the mass movement of ‘Fascism’ more exhaustively for further research. Bibliography Whittam, John.
His advice corresponds with his time and appears to be given in a genuine way. In his instruction he discusses morality, the importance of the public welfare, and the use of violence in order to explain how to best run a state. Machiavelli’s view of politics dealt with political upheaval, beginning with being overly concerned with public security and the well being of the community, while his predecessors worried more about morals effecting politics. Ultimately, his objective was to provide an avenue in which he could instruct rulers how to successfully rule through pragmatism. Although he is severely criticized by many people, he writes for the unification of Italian principalities and he has a strict political cause Niccolò Machiavelli was born into this unstable time of shifting fortunes in the year 1469.
Mazzini saw revolution as the only means to establishing an national identity, not only in... ... middle of paper ... ... in various different ways. Mazzini acted as the spark of revolution through his ability to unite the people through his literary propaganda. Cavour’s role was that of the statesmen, developing ways to make unification work under a constitutional government. Cavour ensured Italian unification through diplomatic channels culminating in the conflict that would eventually unite Italy. Apart from establishing the Italian peninsula, Cavour also built a railway to unite areas of Italy and also aided in stabilizing the economy.
This was most likely devised from the historic past of the Roman Empire. Some may say this was a bold and unrealistic base to form a personal ideology however to Mussolini this was an important tool to gather support from all sections of the Italian population especially in the early years of the fascist government. However these seemed like nothing more than a set of loose goals, without taking into consideration the circumstances. This could explain his need to derive immediate power within Italy and influence across Europe. In his first speech as Prime Minister to the Chamber of Deputies M... ... middle of paper ... ...uments on reasoning behind Mussolini’s policies and actions.
Hobbes and Machiavelli both had revolutionary ideas about government and the essence of Man. Hobbes grew up in England, and had ideas concerning a freer type of government. His main work was ?Leviathan?. Machiavelli was raised in Italy, and had other ideas. Machiavelli focused on how a prince should act in governing his country.
In Italian Fascism, there was very clear emphasis on war and the reclamation of the Roman empire. Mussolini didn't hide his imperialistic ambitions. He was very media savvy and used this to get people whipped into a radical fervor in support of the state. Mussolini stated that people needed a state to survive, and that the state should focus on being strong, as opposed to promoting equality. The motto that was common espoused was "nothing without the state" to emphasis the devotion Italians were supposed to have towards the fascist regime.