Biography of President Thomas Jefferson

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Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States is one of the more lauded, revered, criticized, and respected presidents of all time. In fact, he’s better to be seen as two people: a quiet and secluded philosopher, and an informal, public and loud president; it just so happens that these conflicting personalities found their home inside of Thomas Jefferson. This paper shall cover how come these personalities came into conflict so often, by examining his philosophies, the actions he took during his presidency, and the similarities between the two – or lack thereof. Thomas Jefferson was elected as president in 1800, in what he called “the Revolution of 1800 [12].” This was a long, bitter election between Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, and John Adams, a Federalist [12] [11] [1]. Jefferson attacked Adams and the policies he put through, which was also well-hated universally by Americans. Though, in the end – after a long and contentious election process [note 1] – Jefferson became the president, and Aaron Burr his vice president. Though, he wasn’t president yet. In Adam’s last days, he foresaw the fall of the Federalists in both Congress and the Presidency; thus, Adams decided to strengthen the Supreme Court with Federalists and signed into law the Judiciary Act of 1801 right before Jefferson officially became president. Adams increased the size of the Supreme Court and appointed in place several more Judges. These so-called “Midnight Judges,” were sure to keep the other Democratic-Republican branches in check. These Midnight Judges would be a problem to Jefferson, as their Federalist mindset did not agree with Jefferson’s views [12] [11] [1]. Jefferson’s official stint as president began during his inauguration on M... ... middle of paper ... ...nnings Through 1877. Vol. I. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2003. 300-14. Print. 11. Davidson, James West. "Chapter 9: Launching the New Government." The American Nation: Beginnings Through 1877. Vol. I. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2003. 294. Print. 12. Cohen, Lizabeth, and Thomas A. Bailey. "Chapter 11: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic." The American Pageant. By David M. Kennedy. 12th ed. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 211-32. Print. 13. Jefferson, Thomas. "The Declaration of Independence." Historical Documents of New Jersey and the United States. New Brunswick, NJ: New Jersey State Bar Foundation, 2006. 2-6. Print. 14. Davidson, James West. "Chapter 9: Launching the New Government." The American Nation: Beginnings Through 1877. Vol. I. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2003. 285. Print.

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