Under his own initiative and expense... ... middle of paper ... ...nd, in a historic act of rebellion, crossed the Rubicon river into Rome, officially waging war against the City’s leaders. Caesar successfully defeated Pompey’s rule and, after spending a few years in Egypt and Asia, assumed the role of dictator of Rome. During his reign, Caesar enacted many new statutes, most notably citizenship reform, governmental expansion, and reorganization of the calendar. As Caesar appointed to himself even more dictatorial powers, both his enemies and allies became increasingly disenchanted. A conspiracy formed composed of Senators who planned Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March 44 BC.
The triumvirate officially ended when Crassus was killed in war. It was after this Caesar started to really establish his control for ultimate power. During this time Caesar was charged with treason and ordered to return to the capital to face his accusers. However Caesar had other plans, he decided to come back but with an army with him. With his army, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River where he fought Pompey.
This paper will answer the following questions: What happened during his early political career? How did he become a strong dictator of the Roman Empire? What events led up to the making of the first triumvirate? What happened during his reign as dictator of Rome? What events led up to his assassination?
Julius Caesars Impact on Rome From 100 BC to 44 BC, Julius Caesar changed Rome through his rise to political power, conquest, feuds and assassination. Over time Caesar gained acclaim through his multiple political roles in Rome such as Pontifex, governor and Praetor, leading him to become dictator. He formed an alliance with Crassus and Pompey that ruled Rome for seven years, but led to a civil war later on. Julius Caesar conquered many countries that helped him change the map such as the conquest of Gaul. Caesar played a vital role in the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Empire, which cause him to be assassinated and make rise to Octavian as the next ruler.
Soon after, he was targeted by a dictator and had to flee Rome and joined the army. During his time in the army, he was awarded the civic crown and was then captured by pirates, being held for ransom. Although he was treated fairly, Caesar threatened to have them crucified and upon his release, he did just that. An achievement that Caesar had accomplished, was that he brought influence over the common people. By doing so, he created an alliance with two other men called the First Triumvirate.
Caesar set out for a new conquest. After nine years of constant fighting, he finally conquered Gaul. Pompey grew jealous of his achievement and had the senate order him to disband his forces and return to Rome. Caesar secretly crossed the Rubicon and killed Pompey then entered Rome. After crushing many rebellions, Caesar forced the senate to make him a dictator.
A legacy lives on! Principate Imperator Augustus Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, took the Roman Empire by force in 44 BC when Julius was brutally murdered. Thrown into the harsh world of politics at only the age of 19 (12), Augustus took Rome by storm and ruled as emperor from about 27 BC to 14 AD (Britannica). Emperor Augustus, a beloved father figure of Rome, influenced the Roman Empire positively. He did this by bringing Rome in to the age of Pax Romana, rebuilding it into an empire of marble and reforming the Roman government.
The Audiences' Perception of Cassius and Brutus in Shakespeare Julius Caesar was one of the most influential political and military leaders in history, and helped establish the vast Roman empire. Caesar’s triumph in a civil war amongst others made him the absolute ruler of Rome, but political jealousies and fears that he would become king among his opponents led to his assassination. In 59 BC the Senate decided on a Triumvirate to lead them rather than electing two consuls. The three men were Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great and Marcus Licinius Crassus. When Caesar returned to Rome in 60 BC after a year as governor of Spain, he joined forces with Crassus and Pompey to form the First Triumvirate.
(Winks) On the Gallic side, his victories meant the spread of Roman language and civilization. Caesar defied an order from the Senate to give up his command and stay in Gaul, and he led his loyal troops south across the Rubicon River boundary, beginning a civil war. Within a few weeks Caesar was master of Italy. He then won another in Spain, and he defeated Pompey’s troops in Greece, to which most of the Senate had fled... ... middle of paper ... ...litical hotbed of rival classes and contenders for power. Augustus had seen Caesar’s rise to power and the awful way in which Caesar’s rule was ended.
When he returned this time, the Senate was frightened of him and named him dictator for life. Even though Caesar ruled as an absolute ruler, he made several reforms that led to controversy about whether he was too ambitious and didn’t believe in what was right or a true believer in what was right for the people. All of these questionable decisions led to Caesar’s assassination in 44 B.C.E. He was killed outside of the Senate building by a group of rebels who wanted the republic to rise again. All in all, Julius Caesar was an influential and important person in Ancient Rome.