His contributions ranged from the science of motion, astronomy, strength of materials, and of course the scientific method. His creation of inertia and the law of the falling bodies started the changes to the study of motion. The telescope opened up so many doors for Galileo and with that piece of equipment his discoveries were limitless. In 1609 his astronomical discoveries and observations started. Galileo is most known for his discoveries that he turned into a book, The Starry Messenger.
He was always determined to do his best. He had passion for finding and figuring out problems. Also, he liked to observe what he saw with his own eyes such as nature, and universe. He decided to choose the path with mathematical subjects and philosophy although his father did not agree. He was an Italian mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who observed planets such as moon, Jupiter with telescopes, and contributed modern physics and astronomy’s improvements to the dynamic research.
This discovery proves contrary to what was taught by Aristotle, that the moon was shaped as a perfect sphere. In addition to this, determining how objects accelerate during free fall consumed him for some time. He was known to test his theory by carrying cannonballs up Pisa?s eight story spiral staircase to see if an object?s weight and acceleration during free fall were not related as he had thought (19). This challenged another one of Aristotle?s teachings, which was that an object?s acceleration was directly proportional to its weight. His most significant controversies involved his passion of science and his loyalty to the Catholic Church.
Through his studies, Galileo concluded that Copernicus was right. He was not the first to accept the theory. A German mathematician, Johannes Kepler, had already accepted the theory and was working on proving it with math. Galileo and Kepler wrote to each other about their findings regarding Copernicus’s theory. With his fancy new telescope, Galileo was able to further solidify the Copernican theory.
In conclusion, Kepler played a huge role in the Scientific Revolution with his many genius discoveries and major accomplishments due to his early developed love for science. His contributions to science and mathematics played a big role in the development of science. Without his genius it could have taken years longer to discover some of the things he did. Therefore, Johannes Kepler is one of the most important astronomers of the Scientific Revolution. Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Kepler http://kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/JohannesKepler/ http://www.sciencelives.com/kepler.html http://www.space.com/15787-johannes-kepler.html http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circles/Lesson-4/Kepler-s-Three-Laws
He was also the first to explain how a telescope works, and the principles of thinking. Johannes Kepler contributed to the Scientific Revolution so we can say he made history. His discoveries may have changed how we learn science. Kepler's had a role in the historical improvement of astronomy and natural philosophy. He well-defined the planetary motion using three laws he created.
After this discovery he was appointed chair of mathematics at the University of Padua, it was here that he claimed his fame. In 1597 he constructed a military compass witch brought him acclaim, it was astronomy and motion that established his reputation as a leading scientist. In 1609 Galileo perfected the telescope, he began to look into the sky, soon he disp... ... middle of paper ... ... approximately a century later and his remains were shifted to a fine tomb in the Cathedral Church. Unlike Copernicus or Kepler, he was not a systematic or a speculative thinker, preferring to base his work on a careful inquiry into the causes of natural philosophy. As indicated by his various inventions, he was also interested in applying his knowledge to practical problems.
In 1581, Galileo went to the University of Pisa to study medicine, the field his father wanted him to peruse. While at the University of Pisa, Galileo discovered his interest in Physics and Mathematics; he switched his major from medicine to mathematics. In 1585, he decided to leave the university without a degree to pursue a job as a teacher. He spend four years looking for a job; during this time, he tutored privately and wrote on some discoveries that he had made. In 1589, Galileo was given the job of professor of Mathematics at the University of Pisa.
He is even labeled as the founder of modern astronomy for the proposition of his heliocentric theory (“Nicolaus Copernicus”, Scientists: Their Lives and Works). The heliocentric theory was revolutionary for Copernicus’ time. Copernicus lived during the Renaissance. “The era of the Renaissance (roughly 1400-1600) is usually known for the “rebirth” of an appreciation of ancient Greek and Roman art forms, along with other aspects of classical teachings that tended to diminish the virtually exclusive concentration on religious teachings during the preceding centuries of the “Dark Ages.” New thinking in science was also evident in this time…” This time period became known as the scientific revolution (“Copernicus: On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Bodies). In other words, old ideas were revived in the arts and other means and less emphasis was placed o... ... middle of paper ... ... On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Bodies).
He read books on geometry by Descartes, algebra books by John Wallis, and eventually developed the binomial theorem which was a shortcut in multiplying binomials (Margaret, 46). Newton was 22 at this time and he was already going beyond other people's thinking.... ... middle of paper ... ...e began by mastering mathematics. He developed calculus in order for him to find the rate of change of objects. He learned about light and colors, which lead to his invention of the refracting telescope. He was the man that finally built a model of astronomy and physics and in doing so, brought together the work of Kepler and Galileo and of course his own findings on gravity (Margaret, 90).