Biography of Ernest Hemingway

analytical Essay
3741 words
3741 words

Biography of Ernest Hemingway

"Certainly there is no hunting like the hunting of man and those who have hunted armed men long enough and liked it, never really care for anything else thereafter. You will meet them doing various things with resolve, but their interest rarely holds because after the other thing ordinary life is as flat as the taste of wine when the taste buds have been burned off your tongue." ('On the Blue Water' in Esquire, April 1936)

A legendary novelist, short-story writer and essayist Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in the village of Oak Park, Illinois, close to the prairies and woods west of Chicago. His mother Grace Hall had an operatic career before marrying Dr. Clarence Edmonds Hemingway. While growing up, the young Hemingway spent lots of his time hunting and fishing with his physician father, Dr. Clarence Hemingway, and learned about the ways of music with his mother, who was a musician and artist. He was the second of Clarence and Grace Hemingway's six children. He was raised in a strict Protestant community that tried as hard as possible to be separate themselves from the big city of Chicago, though they were very close geographically. Both parents and their nearby families fostered the Victorian priorities of the time: religion, family, work and discipline. They followed the Victorians' elaborate sentimental style in living and writing. He attended school in the Oak Park Public School system and in high school, Hemingway played sports and wrote for the school newspaper. At Oak Park and River Forest High School, Ernest reported and wrote articles, poems and stories for the school's publications largely based on his direct experiences. Hemingway was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature. He was unable to attend the award ceremony in Stockholm, because he was recuperating from injuries sustained in an airplane crash while hunting in Uganda. In July, 1961, he ended his life in Ketchum, Idaho.

Hemingway may have been a homosexual in denial. His determination to keep up his manhood's "good name" may have been a decoy to hide his true homosexuality. As a Rolling Stone article notes, his son was in fact gay. Perhaps he got it genetically from his father, Ernest Hemingway. Many things were repeated in that family. Hemingway, the depressed drunk, committed suicide just like his father. However,...

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...the death struggle in his mind - it is very explicit in books such as A Farewell to Arms and Death in the Afternoon, which were based on his own experience.

Modern investigations into so-called Near-Death Experiences (NDE) such as those by Raymond Moody, Kenneth Ring and many others, have focused on a pattern of empirical knowledge gained on the threshold of death; a dream-like encounter with unknown border regions. There is a parallel in Hemingway's life, connected with the occasion when he was seriously wounded at midnight on July 8, 1918, in Italy and nearly died. He was the first American to be wounded in Italy during World War I. Here is a case of NDE in Hemingway, and I think that is of basic importance, pertinent to the understanding of all Hemingway's work. In A Farewell to Arms, an experience of this sort occurs to the ambulance driver Frederic Henry, Hemingway's alter ego, wounded in the leg by shellfire in Italy. Hemingway touched on that crucial experience in his life – what he had felt and thought - in the short story ‘Now I Lay Me’ (1927): "my soul would go out of my body ... I had been blown up at night and felt it go out of me and go off and then come back".

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes ernest hemingway's biographies, stating that "there is no hunting like the hunting of man and those who have hunted armed men long enough and liked it, never really care about anything else thereafter."
  • Explains that ernest miller hemingway was born on july 21, 1899, in oak park, illinois, close to the prairies and woods west of chicago. he was awarded the 1954 nobel prize for literature.
  • Explains that hemingway may have been a homosexual in denial, but his determination to keep up his manhood's "good name" was decoy to hide his true homosexuality.
  • Explains that ernest hemingway started his career as a writer in kansas city at the age of seventeen. after the first world war, he joined an ambulance unit in the italian army.
  • Narrates how hemingway lived in chicago, where he met sherwood andersen and married hadley richardson in 1921. he covered events on all of europe, interviewed important leaders such as lloyd george, clemenceau, and mussolini.
  • Explains that hemingway published 'men without women' in 1927, divorced hadley richardson and married pauline, a fashion editor.
  • Analyzes how hemingway's dramatic personal events against the backdrop of a brutal war became the basis of his first widely successful novel 'a farewell to arms'.
  • Explains that hemingway traveled to spain as a war correspondent in 1937, the same year as ‘to have and have not’ was written. after his divorce from pauline in 1940, he married martha.
  • Analyzes how ernest hemingway surprised critics with his 1952 novel "the old man and the sea". the novel is about an old cuban fisherman's journey, his long, poor and lonely struggle with a fish and sea, and his victory in defeat.
  • Explains that "papa" was a legendary celebrity and sensitive writer, and his influence, as well as unseen writings, survived his passing.
  • Analyzes how hemingway's life and character are as fascinating as any in his stories. papa was a legendary adventurer who enjoyed his flamboyant lifestyle and celebrity status.
  • Analyzes how hemingway and fitzgerald used their keen social observation in writing ‘the sun also rises’ and the great gatsby.
  • Analyzes how hemingway, like fitzgerald, explores and critiques the superficiality of his characters' indulgent lifestyles, but touches upon a number of themes, many of which have to do with new notions of masculinity arising after the war.
  • Explains that hemingway conceived of the idea for ‘the sun also rises’ while attending the fiesta de san fermin in pamplona, spain, with friends in july, 1925. the real-life conflict spun out to harold loeb and pat guthrie.
  • Analyzes how hemingway expanded the story into a novel originally entitled ‘fiesta: a novel’. he shifted the opening to paris and heightened the relationship between brett and the narrator.
  • Analyzes how jake barnes represents the worst of the lost generation — irresponsible, aimless, and bitter; his life seems over before it begins.
  • Analyzes how brett is the strongest, most conventionally "masculine" character in the novel, dominating her lovers and manipulating them like a bull-fighter.
  • Analyzes how robert cohn represents american pre-war romanticism and idealism. he is disliked by everyone in jake's circle, especially mike, who resents him for his fling with brett.
  • Analyzes how pedro romero is the only man who seems capable of manipulating brett. his appeal to her is clear through the parallels hemingway draws between bull-fighting and sexuality.
  • Analyzes how mike campbell, brett's fiancé, has gone bankrupt through business associations with "false friends" and is possessive of brett. he humiliates cohn for his fling with her and tosses off anti-semitic comments at him.
  • Analyzes how bill gorton, jake's writer-friend, wastes his literary talent on witty, ironic quips and drunken socializing. he bonds with jake while they go fishing, opening up to an intimacy unavailable in the city.
  • Analyzes how gertrude stein's "the sun also rises" is an impressive document of the people who came to be known as the "lost generation." jake epitomizes the lost generation; he is physically and emotionally wounded from the war, and apathetically drinks his way through his expatriate life.
  • Analyzes how hemingway observes the new male psyche, battered by the war and newly domesticated, in the lost generation.
  • Analyzes how hemingway draws numerous parallels between bull-fighting and brett's sexuality. romero penetrates with his phallic sword both the bull and the audience.
  • Analyzes how hemingway depicts nature as a pastoral paradise uncorrupted by the city or women.
  • Analyzes how hemingway's spare, laconic prose was influenced by his early work as a journalist and had the greatest stylistic influence over 20th-century american writers.
  • Analyzes hemingway's near-death experience, which is explicit in books such as a farewell to arms and death in the afternoon.
  • Analyzes how modern investigations into so-called near-death experiences (nde) have focused on a pattern of empirical knowledge gained on the threshold of death. hemingway was wounded in italy during world war i.
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