A Biography of Josephine Baker Josephine Baker was born Freda Josephine MacDonald in St. Louis, Missouri to her unwed parents: Carrie McDonald and Eddie Carson. Her father soon left the family and Josephine had to help her mother support herself and her three younger half-siblings. At age eight, she got a job working as a maid for a white family (Robinson). At age 12, she had dropped out of school to work. By age 14, she had moved out, been married, and separated from her first husband.
Josephine Baker was born Freda Josephine Carson in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 3, 1906 to washerwoman, Carrie McDonald, and vaudeville drummer, Eddie Carson. Josephine's father abandoned them shortly after her birth and her mother married a kind but perpetually unemployed man named Arthur Martin. Their family came to include a son and two more daughters. Josephine grew up cleaning houses and babysitting for wealthy white families until she got a job waitressing at The Old Chauffeur's Club when she was 13-years-old. While working there she met a man named Willie Wells whom she had a short marriage with.
The Rise of Lady Day Lady Day, considered by many to be greatest jazz vocalist of all time, was praised during her career and even after her death. Holiday is looked at as one of the most influential women jazz music has ever had, but not many think of the journey she went through to become so widely respected. Through the the early years of her life, Billie dealt with abuse, rape, prostitution, and the death of a loved one. Even after going through these awful and traumatic events, she still overcame the loss of her childhood innocence and did amazing things with her life. Billie Holiday overcame the loss of childhood innocence by becoming a strong influential woman in a time of oppression, a significant jazz musician and by using her lyrics to spread messages like injustice and hope to the masses.
(9) When Marilyn was young she was molested by her mother’s new husband. (10) This event caused her a lot of emotional and physical scarring. Later on in Marilyn’s life, she decided to change her name to Norma Jean Baker. (1) Marilyn dropped out of high school her sophomore year. (6) Girls in her time rarely attended college but Marilyn studied at UCLA.