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Biography Of Josephine Baker

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Josephine Baker was an exceptional woman who never depended on a man. She never hesitated to leave a man when she felt good and ready. In her lifetime she accomplished many great things. She adopted 12 children, served France during World War II, and was an honorable correspondent for the French Resistance. She fought against fascism in Europe during World War II and racism in the United States. She grew up poor and left home at an early age and worked her way onto the stage. Baker was more popular in France than in the states. Audiences in America were racist towards Baker and that’s when she vowed she wouldn’t perform in a place that wasn’t integrated.
Freda Josephine McDonald was born on June 3, 1906 in St. Louis, Missouri. Her father, Eddie Carson, a vaudeville drummer left Josephine’s mother Carrie McDonald soon after her birth. Her mother remarried an unemployed man named Arthur Martin, who was kind. Their family would grow to include a son and two more daughters. Josephine grew up cleaning houses and babysitting for wealthy white families. She got a job waitressing at The Old Chauffeur's Club when she was 13 years old. This is where she met her first husband, she decided to leave home and get married.
Willie Wells was only married to Josephine for a short brief time. She realized she would never have to depend on a man for financial stability. A habit she might have learned growing up without her real father. She remarried in 1921 to Willie Baker, whose last name she decided to keep. She remarried again in 1937 to Frenchman Jean Lion, from which she obtained French citizenship. Then a last time in 1947 to a French orchestra leader Jo Bouillon, who helped to raise her 12 adopted children. She was never again officially...

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...rk's Carnegie Hall again. Due to previous experience, she was nervous about how the audience and critics would perceive her. Josephine received a standing ovation before the concert began. The happy welcome was so heartfelt that she cried onstage. On April 8, 1975 Josephine preformed at the Bobino Theater in Paris. Different celebrities came to see 68-year-old Josephine perform a mixture of routines from her 50 year career. The reviews were outstanding. However, days later, Josephine slipped into a coma. She died from a cerebral hemorrhage at 5 a.m. on April 12.
Thousands of people crowded the streets of Paris to watch the funeral on its way to the Church of the Madeleine. The French government honored her with a 21-gun salute, making Josephine Baker the first American woman buried in France with military honors. Her gravesite is in the Cimetiére de Monaco, Monaco.
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