His father also was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in physics. His Father’s ambitions in physics sparked Niels Bohr’s interest in physics. Niels Bohr received his master’s degree in physics in 1909 from the University of Copenhagen and then achieved his doctor’s degree in 1911. He became a professor at the University in 1916, and then founded the university’s Institute of Theoretical physics in 1921. His mother, Ellen, was the daughter of a prominent-Jewish banker.
Bohr and his family grew up in an atmosphere that helped the development of his knowledge. His father was largely responsible for awakening his interest in physics while, his mother came from a family well known in the field of education. After Gammelholm Grammar School in 1903, he entered Copenhagen University where He won a gold medal from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences for his theoretical analysis of vibrations of water jets as a means of determining surface tension. He received his Master's degree from the University of Copenhagen in 1909 and his doctorate in 1911 with a thesis Studies on the electron theory of metals. Bohr went to England to study with Sir J.J. Thomson at Cambridge.
He worked hard to earn a doctorate in physics in 19911 which he received from Copenhagen University. The next year, 1912, Bohr was working for Nobel laureate, J.J. Thompson, in England. He was introduced to earnest Rutherford whose discovery of the development of an atomic model and nucleus had given him a Nobel peace prize in chemistry in 1908. Bohr began to study the properties of atoms under Rutherford’s tutelage. Rutherford and Planicks theory needed help with their theory and description so Niels Bohr helped explained what happened inside of the atom and developed a picture of atomic structure.
It not only disproved Thomson's atomic model but also paved the way for such discoveries as the atomic bomb and nuclear power. The atomic model he concluded after the findings of his Gold Foil experiment have yet to be disproven. The following paragraphs will explain the significance of the Gold Foil Experiment as well as how the experiment contradicted Thomson's atomis model. Rutherford began his experiment with the philosophy of trying "any dam fool experiment" on the chance it might work.1 With this in mind he set out to disprove the current atomic model. In 1909 he and his partner, Geiger, decided Ernest Marsden, a student of the University of Manchester, was ready for a real research project.2 This experiment's apparatus consisted of Polonium in a lead box emitting alpha particles towards a gold foil.
Ernest Rutherford also known as The Lord Rutherford of Nelson, born on the 30/08/1871, was born in Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand and is renowned as the father of nuclear physics and is considered the greatest experimentalist. He succeeded in differentiating between alpha and beta radiation, at McGill University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. In addition, he set forth the laws of radioactive decay. He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils.
Shortly after this, he fell in love with Mary Newton. The couple married in 1900 and had a daughter named Eileen soon after. In 1894, he was granted another scholarship to attend Trinity College, Cambridge, to work with J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. He was the first research student at Trinity and in his first research assignment he uncovered a more efficient way of detecting radio waves than that of Heinrich Hertz. After hearing of his success on this work, Thomson invited Rutherford to study the effects of x-rays on the conductivity of gasses with their research being centered on the splitting of atoms and molecules into ions.
Another name for Bohr’s atomic structure is the atomic model or the Bohr atomic model. The atomic model shows the atom as a small, positively charged nucleus surrounded by orbiting electrons (Palermo). This means that the electron does in fact orbit the nucleus but only does so in separate paths. When Bohr came up with the idea of the atomic model, he used his quantum theory a... ... middle of paper ... ...t with the quantum theory (“Niels Bohr.” Concordia). Without Bohr’s father and Ernest Rutherford, Bohr would not have accomplished all that he had done.
Albert Einstien (March 14, 1879 - April 18, 1955) was a physicist who first proposed the theory of relativity. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect "and other contributions"; however, the announcement of the award was not made until a year later, in 1922. His theoretical work suggested the possibility of creating an atomic bomb. His discovered equation, E=MC2 is well known as one that changed the world. Einstien was born March 14, 1879 at Ulm in Wberg, Germany.
I chose inductive/deductive reasoning as my basis to creating a symbol because in the beginning of the semester I too had trouble understanding this basic concept. A simple symbol for both inductive and deductive reasoning I believe could be the answer to easily understanding this concept. Being that, on the next page I demonstrate to you as the reader what my symbols would look like to aid inductive and deductive reasoning. The power of symbols in mathematics have aided us for centuries and I hope what I introduce to you today could be used among the many others adopted in the ever-expanding field of mathematics.
Richard was key in developing safe means to separate various radioactive materials and also ways to test what amount of uranium would be needed to achieve critical mass that did not require large scale detonations. Major contributions to Physics After World War II, and a brief respite from doing research, Feynman resumed where he had left off before the war with quantum physics. He worked on several projects over the next few decades, achieving successes in most of them. He and another physicist worked together to test and prove their theory on "weak decay," about how it occurs, what are the results of it, etc. His largest gift was his diagrams that describe the way that particles act in a certain system and tells one how to express this movement in mathematics, thus through a simple diagram one could analyze complex atomic interactions.