Audre Lorde, Miguel Chico and Leticia Marisol Estrella Torez exist in a space that is in-between two worlds, but by integrating elements of their cultures and adapting them to their individual present circumstances, they are able to disrupt rigid sexual and racial categories and enable the formation of polymorphous identities which are subject to constant change. Racial identity is developed early in life, and serves as a lens for interpreting, understanding, and participating in the world as well as a way of connecting and identifying with others. Racial and ethnic minority men and women who identify or express sexuality outside of the heterosexual model must confront the norms and expectations of both the majority and minority cultures in which they live. In Zami: A New Spelling of My Name, Audre L... ... middle of paper ... ...tyle that alludes to the multitude of constantly changing and sometimes even contradictory elements in each characters journey to racially and sexually define themselves. Audre, Miguel and Leticia hold multiple racial and sexual identities in a fluid constant that change depending on their location and social context.
This creates a cultural and a communal identity based on this shared attribute which shapes someone’s individual identity related to the collective and communal identities. Understanding the difference between the intersections of gender and sexuality, especially the kinds of differences of the body produced through various abilities discourses and practices. One intersection that can be addressed is the intersection of ability and LGBTQ identity. Along with, how sources structure the understanding of identity over time. Before one can look at the relationship of people with and without disabilities and LGBTQ identity, both must be explored separately.
The writing I am reflecting on is presented by Michael Spencer and the thesis is that “in order to create social change and to promote social justice, we must begin this process with ourselves” (Spencer, 2008). The recurring concepts of social justice, privilege and oppression throughout this writing, surround
The Ridgeway concept of gender as a frame and background identity also designates power and agency of groups in establishing and enforcing the cultural knowledge and norms applied in the construction of identity within interactions and relations. Deutsch shifts agency back to the individual while examining the concept of undoing gender. Her research finds that attempts to undo gender and challenge the legitimacy of the sex binary are undertaken by individuals in interactions. Individuals can seek change and gains towards equality by reclaiming agency and actively rejecting gender norms and expectations in their interactions. Connell’s research on transgender individuals in workplaces also explores the agency of individuals who attempt doing, undoing and redoing gender.
With this understanding it can be acknowledged that one can be an oppressor at one point in time but be oppressed at another. These roles are constantly changing based on a variety of factors. Integrative anti-racism allows a better understanding these social oppressions. The author argues that in order for oppression to be vitally explored, the factors that create oppression must be realized. Oppression gives material advantage to the oppressor.
Thus, mass media can be viewed as places where reality is constructed and racism may be reproduced. Accuracy Accuracy is an important aspect of media performance to consider in assessing the quality of its representation of the lives of people of color because of its assumed consequences of developing self-image and personal identity and its reflection of social reality that informs social policy (Gandy 1998). Shan and Thorton (1994) state that previous research of minority groups has shown that minorities are sometimes depicted as being "violent, primitive, and politically unsophisticated." Furthermore, they postulate that certain types of behaviors among minorities may be "understood by whites as pathological or deviant" because of how the news media represent them. This representation is inaccurate because it ignores historical context and structural explanations for social trends.
This “context” also includes the cultural background of both the speaker and the interpreter. From my perspective, gendered words gain their meanings from various sources, which include both the intentions of the speaker and the interpretations of the hearer. The gendered meanings of words and phrases originate from the cultural background of both the listener and the speaker. One of the ways culture and gender relate is through language. Culture is integral in defining gender roles because different cultures divide their languages, or words and phrases, into gender
Use of the Terms "Race" and "Ethnicity" in the Social Sciences Defining identity can be complex and therefore we have to investigate the factors involved that make us who we are and how we are seen by others, collectively or individually. Social scientists have to consider the key elements which shape identity, the importance of social structures and agency involved. The differences and/or similarities between us are the focus that categorise and label us in society. Knowing who we are is important for many reasons including, social rights, obtaining a passport, housing, health, employment, marriage, and over all, being able to ascertain who we are, and belong. The terms ‘race’ and ‘ethnicity’ are central features in the process of categorisation.
In order to understand these perspectives, we must view gender as a social institution. Society bases gender on sex and applies a sex category to people in daily life by recognizing gender markers. Sex is the foundation to which gender is created. We must understand the difference between anatomical sex and gender in order to grasp the development of gender. First, I will be assessing existing perspectives on the social construction of gender.
When we think about our identity we often think about the way we look. Such features as hair color, eye color, skin tone, height and weight come to mind. Whilst these features are part of our identity, there are many more complex factors that make us who we are. Whilst psychological issues are paramount to the formation of our identity, I will be addressing the nature of our identity in relation to socio-cultural factors (Austin, 2002, p.9). During the course of this essay I will be discussing the term of Identity and some of the axes of identity, including Race, Class and Gender.