Bibliographic Reference: Axmear, E., Reichele, J., Alamsaputra, M., Kohnert, K., Drager, K., & Sellnow, K. (2005). Synthesized speech intelligibility in sentences: A comparison of monolingual English- speaking and bilingual children. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools, 36(3), 244-250. Summary: The researchers wanted to compare monolingual and bilingual children listening to synthesized and human speech. Axmear et al.
The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 11(1), 1-29. Webster, R., Erdos, C., Evans, K., Majnemer, A., Kehayia, E., Thordardottir, E., et al. (2006). The Clinical Spectrum Of Developmental Language Impairment In School-Aged Children: Language, Cognitive, And Motor Findings. Pediatrics, 118, e1541-e1549.
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Taking working memory training from the laboratory into schools. Educational Psychology: An international Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/01443410.2013797338. Lesaux, N., & Siegel, L. (2003). The Developmental of Reading in Children Who Speak English as a Second Language.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/232585838?accountid=14800 Keating, E., & Mirus, G. (2003). Examining interactions across language modalities: Deaf children and hearing peers at school. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 34(2), 115. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218136755?accountid=14800 Martin, D. S., Craft, A., & Sheng, Z. N. (2001). The impact of cognitive strategy instruction on deaf learners: An international comparative study.
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During this time, the brain is receptive to language, learning rules of grammar quickly through a relatively small number of examples. After puberty, language learning becomes more difficult. The Critical Period Hypothesis attributes this difficulty to a drastic change in the way that the brain processes language after puberty. This makes reaching fluency during adulthood much more difficult than it is in childhood. The field of language acquisition is very experimental because scientists still do not completely understand how the brain deals with language.
Results Children who ha... ... middle of paper ... ... period-period of heightened sensitivity to learning language Cochlear implant-an electronic device that can help provide a sense of sound to a hearing impared individual Language-a rule governed communication system Reference group-a group to which another group is compared to Reference Nicholas,J.G.,& Geers,A.E. (2007)Will Thhey Catch up? The Role of Age at Cochlear Implanation in the Spoken Language Development of Children with Severe to Profound Hearing Loss. Journal of speech , Language and Hearing research 50(4),1048-1062.doi 1092-4388/07/5004-1048 Szagun,G & Stumper,B,(2012)Age or Experience? The Influence of Age at Implantation And Social and Linguistic Environment on Language Development in Children with Cochlear Implants.
London: Pergamum Onwuegbuzie, A, J., Bailey, P., & Daley, C, E. (1999). ‘Factors associated with foreign language anxiety’, Applied Psycholinguistics, Vol. 20 (2), 217-239 Von Worde, R. (2003). Students’ Perspectives on Foreign Language Anxiety. Inquiry, 8 (1), 1-16.