Bicameral Legislature

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Famous American poet James Russell Lowell once said, “Democracy gives every man the right to be his own oppressor” (“Quotations” 2011). And it should be just that. James Russell Lowell successfully defined democracy when it is in its truest form; a citizen’s beliefs should be equally represented and considered for. The representative democracy instated in the United States presents the need for three branches in the government; they include the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The Congress embodies the lawmaking branch of the government, having “all legislative powers” as it is stated in Article I of the Constitution. To prevent one state from having too much power over other states, the Congress was separated into the House of Representatives and the Senate to have checks and balances over each other. Although they have several different functions in society, both legislative bodies play a very important role in representing both the citizens’ and government’s choices.

The United States Congress was the result of two historical moments in United States, the First and Second Continental Congress. Long before he was a president, James Madison wrote the Virginia Plan for the governor of Virginia, Edmund Randolph, to propose at the convention. It basically stated that the Congress should be separated into two houses so it would not become tyrannical (Davidson 152). One of the houses eventually became the House of Representatives and one became the Senate. With the creation of a bicameral legislative branch, the framers had to separate the jobs each House would have to do and set the checks and balance so one body would not have more power than the other. Each House was presented with different responsibilities that are ...

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...e senatorial saucer to cool it” (Longley 2011).”

Works Cited

Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009. 152-153. Print.

Harrison, Brigid C., and Jean Harris. "Congress." A More Perfect Union. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011. 408-410. Print.

Longley, Robert. "House and Senate – Why We Have a House and a Senate." N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2011.

"Quotations." Quotation Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.

"Responsibilities of Majority and Minority Leaders ." U.S. Senate. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2011.

Trethan, Phaedra. "About the U.S. Senate." N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the house of representatives is the body that symbolizes the citizens of america. it adhered to the beliefs of the people more than the senate did.
  • Describes the responsibilities of majority and minority leaders in the u.s. senate.
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