The theory of intersectionality is one put forth by the feminist theorist known as Kimberlé Crenshaw. Crenshaw developed this theory as a critique to what she called a single-axis framework. A single-axis framework is one that considers an issue, be it feminist or otherwise, as a product of a single aspect. To be clearer, and to provide an example, a single-axis framework would consider the experiences of a woman of colour as either those experienced by an individual of colour, or those experienced by a woman. Crenshaw introduced the concept of intersectionality to explain that some experiences are unique to those who fall under a combination of these categories.
I begin with the analysis of the differences; these are the setting’s comparison as well as the social context’s one. I have chosen these two aspects since I consider that the social context was a key factor for the development of the feminist movement as well as the histor... ... middle of paper ... ...r. Some critics, and notably, Elaine Showalter points out that Ophelia has become the symbol of the distraught and hysterical woman in modern culture. Atwood's Lady Oracle is a feminist novel even only for the fact that its central theme is about the formation of gender identity. Joan writes and is written about; if Atwood writes about Joan's childhood experiences, about her interaction with male partners and other woman, then Joan writes about the precariousness of feminine subjectivity in a male-dominated world thanks to her character, Charlotte. All in all, I would like to conclude in saying that both literary works can be analyzed, interpreted and argued about from many perspectives; Hamlet, because of the play's dramatic structure and depth of characterization, and Lady Oralce, because of the complexity of the main character and the novel's form novelty.
Ketu Katrak reiterates this alienation from their own body saying that women , “experience self-exile ,a sense of not belonging to themselves.”(2006:158). The subordination of women is related to control over her sexuality, reproductive rights etc. Female resistance to the lack of self-determination over their own bodies form an important aspect of the African feminist struggle. This paper examines Buchi Emecheta’s Kehinde(1994), as an account of female resistance to disempowe... ... middle of paper ... ...nowledge;Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977.Pantheon Books:New York, 1980. Hooks,Bell.
(Series IV, Volume XIII). “Canadian Nationalism in Arts and Science.” The Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa: 1975. Works Cited Endnotes 1 Letters in Canada p. 426 Robertson Davies 2 Robertson Davies, “Canadian Nationalism in Arts and Science”, Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada (Series IV, Volume XlII, 1975), p. 35 3 Margaret Atwood, Survival, 18, 1972. Works Cited Robertson Davies. Letters in Canada.
Within much of western feminist discourse there is a tendency to classify women from the “third world” as exploited, powerless victims. In Chandra Mohatny’s essay ‘Under Western Eyes’ we learn that classifying the experiences of third world women, as a homogenous group is problematic in that it centralizes their experiences even though their histories, oppressions, and interests are different. Third world women are a diverse group with different interests and struggles based on their colonial, political, racial, and ethnic histories. In an attempt to overcome the misrepresentation of third-world women, third-world feminist theory was developed. Although both western and third world feminist theory focus on women’s issues, I would argue that third world feminist theory use an intersectional approach taking into account colonization, race, ethnicity, and class by localizing and contextualizing concepts like reproduction, marriage, family, patriarchy and the division of labor.
We cannot deny the imperfection of the world today; poverty, violence, lack of education, and the general overwhelming deficiency of basic daily necessities are among some of the most troubling issues on the agenda. By carefully selecting our critical lens, we can gather that there are many aspects of today’s issues where we can focus our attention and begin the quest for solutions to these pervasive problems. Authors Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn (2009) utilize their book Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide to emphasize the particular struggle of women in the world today and how by addressing three particular abuses of sex trafficking and forced prostitution, gender-based violence (including honor killings and mass rape), and maternal mortality, we may begin “unlocking an incipient women’s movement to emancipate women and fight global poverty” (p. xxii). However, we must first understand the difficulty of addressing such complex issues by a proposing a “one-size fits all” solution and take into consideration the varying feminist perspectives that currently contemplate the oppression of women in societies around the world. To be able to critically digest Kristof and WuDunn’s book we must explore the types of stories and evidence included and how they’re presented, and the generalized theories behind the insight and solutions regarding the women in need around the world.
Feminism in the Middle East is connected to post colonialism. I think the main reason is that both post colonialism and feminism in the Middle East were challenging the existing forms of oppression. However, while talking about women in the Middle East and post colonialism, it is important to mention that women were not just oppressed by colonizers, but also by inner patriarchy. So in terms of Kristen Petersen and Anna Rutherford, women in the Middle East were “double colonized”. As I mentioned above, main discourse towards women in the Middle East is post colonialism and its main concept is symbolizing women as the presenters of the nation.
(http://makewealthhistory.org/2011/10/26/the-trouble-with-advertising-2/) womeninads.webs.com Fredrickson, B. L. and Roberts, T.-A. (1997), OBJECTIFICATION THEORY. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21: 173–206. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1997.tb00108.x Mass Communication Theory: Foundations, Ferment, and Future By Stanley Baran, Dennis Davis pg 187, chp 6. Zurbriggen, Eileen L; Ramsey, Laura R; Jarworski, Beth K. Sex Roles 64.