Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Research Paper

explanatory Essay
789 words
789 words

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is known as a noncancerous overdevelopment of the prostate; it is also called an enlarged prostate. The abbreviation for benign prostatic hyperplasia is, “BPH.” Another term for benign prostatic hyperplasia is benign prostatic hypertrophy but is most commonly known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Major signs and symptoms include: Frequent or urgent need to urinate increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia), difficulty starting urination, Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts, dribbling at the end of urination (thin and slow stream during urination), inability to completely empty the bladder (Mayo Clinic). There can also be pain during urination and inability …show more content…

The first type of medication called “Alpha blockers”, are used to relax the muscles in the prostate to make it easier to urinate. Alpha Blockers are made out of (Uroxatral), doxazosin (Cardura), Tamsulosin (Flomax) and silodosin (Mayo Clinic). The dosage for alpha blockers is a maximum of ten milligrams a day. It is also taken once a day with food, so it is absorbed faster. Some of the side effects that may happen are dizziness and a condition called retrograde ejaculation. Another medication that is used is called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. This medication works by stopping hormonal changes, which cause the prostate to enlarge. This medication is made with finasteride (Proscar) and Dutasteride (Avodart). However, this medication takes up to six months before it begins to take any effect. The dosage for 5-alpha reductase inhibitors is five milligrams orally once a day. This medication also has a side effect, which is retrograde ejaculation. Out of the two medications, Alpha Blockers would be more effective because it does not take six months to take effect.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a disease that can only occur in males. There is a larger chance of someone getting the disease increases as a person gets old. The chance for someone in their thirties is ten percent, twenty percent for someone in their forties, sixty percent for men is their sixties,

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that benign prostatic hyperplasia is a noncancerous overdevelopment of the prostate, also called an enlarged prostate.
  • Explains that benign prostatic hyperplasia is closely related to age and a change in sex hormones that causes enlarged prostates.
  • Explains how a health care provider can diagnose benign prostatic hyperplasia by using various tests, such as urinalysis, psa blood test, urine flowmetry, cystoscopy, etc.
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