Available: http://www.scu.edu.au/ausweb95/papers/sociology/falk/ Ferraro, A., Rogers, E., & Geisler, C. (1995). Team learning through computer supported collaborative design [World Wide Web Document]. Indianapolis: Proceedings of the CSCL'95 Conference. Available: http://www-cscl95.indiana.edu/cscl95/ferraro.html Fischer, G. (1995). Distributed cognition, learning webs, and domain-oriented design environments [World Wide Web Document].
Operant conditioning is when a person learns behaviors through reinforcement (Halgin and Whitbourne, 2013). Skinner studied operant conditioning by doing experiments using dogs that he placed in a “Skinner Box” (McLeod, 2011). Contiguity theory says that any stimulus and response that is connected will be associated with each other (Ramo and Howe-Tennant). Contiguity theory comes from the work of E. R. Guthrie (Ramo and Howe-Tennant). Classical conditioning is a learning connection between an original stimulus and a naturally evoking stimulus that causes an automatic reflexive reaction.
Fang, Z. (1996). A Review of Research on Teacher Beliefs and Practices.Educational Research, 38(1), 47-65. Fauziati, Endang. (2015).
Curious as to why this occurred, he observed the dog’s behavior, and noticed that the dog’s behavior was both learned and unlearned. Unlearned behavior means a reaction to a stimulus that is automatic, such as a reflex. An unlearned response is an automatic action that is caused by the stimulus. In the case of Pavlov’s experiments, that was the dog’s reaction to the food. Whereas learned behavior comes from obtaining knowledge about a stimulus, for example, a child learning not to touch the stove after burning their hands on it.
R. (2001) Inclusion in Middle Schools. ERIC Digest # ED459000. Retrieved 4/8/03 from http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed459000.html Inclusion. (2003) Education Week on the Web. Retrieved 4/6/03 from http://www.educationweek.org/context/topics/issuespage.cfm?id=47 Inclusion: The Pros and Cons, Executive Summary (1995).
Using ADDIE to design a web-based training interface [online]. Retrieved April 1, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://www.coe.uh.edu/insite/elec_pub/HTML1998/id_lohr.htm McManus, T.F. (1995). Special considerations for designing internet-based education. Technology and Teacher Education Annual, 1995, 32, 51-57.
Retrieved May 5, 2003 from the Internet http://illinois.online.uillinois.edu/IONresources/instructionalDesign/learningStyles.asp Bogot, E. (2002). Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligence. LD Pride Online. Retrieved March 9, 2003 from Internet: http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm Ibaugh, V. (1999).Learning Styles: Perceiving and Processing. Encyclopedia of Educational Technology.
American psychologist B.F. Skinner has provided a first illustration of this type of application through what was called modeling technique or increase the frequency of a behavior, according to a predetermined pattern, by rewarding desired behaviour or strengthening when it occurs. Conditioning working is that form of learning in which the consequences of behaviour influences the possibility thereof. The techniques used for the modification of the behaviour deviant pupils operates based on ignoring behavior of unwanted and strengthen desirable behavior
Shippensburg, PA: Shippensburg University. Retrieved 21 June 2005 from http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/erikson.html. Huitt, W. (1997). Socioemotional development. Educational Psychology Interactive.