Behavioral Comparisons Between Modern Humans and Primates

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Scientists have been studying primates for many year. Primatology helps anthropologists make inferences about the early social organization of hominids. (Kottak, 96) The three primates I recently observed at the Lowry Park Zoo are the Collared Lemurs, Mandrills, and the Bornean Orangutans. Each primate are categorized differently. The Collared Lemur (Eulemur collaris) is part of the prosimians. They are inhabited in one small protected area in Madagascar. The Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) belongs to the Old World monkeys whom are native in Malaysia. Lastly the Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is categorized with apes and they are native to the island of Borneo. Based on my observations, you can definitely recognize the difference between each species. The first primate I observed were the Collared Lemurs (Eulemur collaris). When I was monitoring them, they were sleeping on a branch the entire time. But by observing it's surroundings, you can determine a lot of it's characteristics. The setting of where the lemurs were held captive closely resembles the habitat from which they came from when they lived in the wild. Lemurs live in trees which is why they are called arboreal, meaning it spends most of its time on branches than on the ground (Kottak, 102). It's tail (which is longer than the length of it's body) helps them balance when moving amongst the tree. The Collared Lemurs jump from tree to tree. They have opposing thumbs and long toes that help them climb and for holding on. You can assume that the size of it's brain is small based on it's body size. But don't let that fool you. The Collared Lemurs are very intelligent animals. The two sources of communication between the lemurs are vocalization and by scent. They have e... ... middle of paper ... ...have that motherly instinct to take care of their child. The same goes for primates. The mother is usually the one taking care of the offspring for a certain amount of time. Based on my observations, each primate is different as regards to their anatomy, locomotion, and social behavior. They all have a certain way of living, some are terrestrial while others are arboreal. Each species have a particular way of communicating with each other. They may use sign language, vocalization, or sense of smell, or all three. The Collared Lemur, Bornean Orangutan, and Mandrill all come from different classes, meaning they all have a different way of living and they have different techniques to survive. Works Cited Kottak, C. (2012). Window on Humanity. (Fifth ed., pp. 96-109). New York: McGraw-Hill. Myers, S. (2009, Sept). Lemur information. Retrieved from lemurworld.com

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