Bee Pollination Essay

679 Words3 Pages
Crop production relies heavily on pollinators for high yields. Animals account for the pollination of approximately 88% of plants; 68% of all global crops rely on animals (mostly insects) for pollination. Managed bees, mainly honey bees (Apis mellifera), are commonly used to provide pollination services. However, alternative native or the locally and naturally-available bees that are not formally managed may also provide significant contributions to crop pollination.

There is a general decline in Honey bees and other wild bees like bumble bee in North America and Europe, although similar trends have not been documented in other parts of the world such as Australia and Africa. Of particular concern is increased global cultivation of pollinator-dependent crops such as high value fruits and vegetables in an environment in which the population of pollinators of those crops may be decreasing. The need for pollination of fruits and vegetables will rise as humans increase their consumption of these foods. This trend has been seen in my parts of the world including US, Europe and Asia, but this information is lacking in many developing countries where both the population and demand for pollinator dependent fruits and vegetable is increasing. Unmanaged bee pollination supports the production of an estimated $3 billion of food, fiber, and forage crops, whereas honey bee pollination has been estimated at $15 billion.
The abundance of native pollinators may be driven by farm management practices by farm landscape context, or both. At present, the determinants of native bee abundance and pollination services are rarely understood well enough, especially in developing countries to guide farmers who want to use them for pollination, leaving ...

... middle of paper ...

...nsight into the bee fauna of economic importance to fruit and vegetable crop agriculture, and will identify bee species and management tactics with potential for increase pollination. We will produce a Fruit and Vegetable Pollination Monitoring Guide which will provide both a key to the most important crop pollinators in each region and a crop survey tool where farmers and/or agricultural professionals can assess crop pollination provided by various bees during bloom.

Outcomes: With the outputs from this objective, Kenyan fruit and vegetable crop growers will gain knowledge and awareness of the economic contribution of both managed and unmanaged bees to their businesses and will increase the use of pest and farm management approaches that reduce risk to bees. We envisage that our findings will be adopted by other developing countries with similar cropping systems.
Open Document