Beating Diabetes with Mediterranean-Style Meals

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The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the country. Diabetes affects more than 25 million US residents and is strongly linked to stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, and blindness. The number of people who have blood sugar levels that are borderline diabetic or prediabetic is increasing, and it is estimated that around 80 million adults are at risk for becoming diabetic. Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease that is characterized by having high blood sugar levels. A subset called type 2 diabetes is usually linked to obesity. Although genetic factors may play a role in developing the disease, lifestyle factors are more often the cause of metabolic disturbance which is associated with diabetes. While type 2 diabetes has been called adult-onset diabetes in the past because it usually develops in people who are over 40, it is now starting to affect younger age groups. Diet and Diabetes Studies show that people who consume a Western-style diet have a high risk for developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. This type of diet usually includes fast foods like fried chicken, burgers, pizza, fries, hot dogs, sandwiches and soda, which are high in fat and carbohydrate content. On the other hand, research shows that people who consume a Mediterranean-style diet, which is high in vegetables, fruits, whole-grain and nuts, are less likely to develop chronic diseases such as diabetes. Other types of diets that have been studied with regards to risk for diabetes include a low-fat diet and a low-carbohydrate diet, which have been found to have their own advantages and disadvantages. Which Diet is Best for Diabetes? There have been many studies done to determine ... ... middle of paper ... ...ts. Eat moderate amounts of eggs and poultry only every two days or weekly. Limit red meat consumption. Eat only three ounces of meat (about the size of a deck of playing cards) a few times in a month. Take desserts, sweets or soda only a few times each week. Works Cited Medpage Today. Health Toll of Fast Food Spreads Eastward. http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Atherosclerosis/33601; Science Daily. Mediterranean Diet Without Breakfast Best Choice for Diabetics. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131128103839.htm; NEJM. Weight Loss with a Low-Carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or Low-Fat Diet. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0708681; Medpage Today. Mediterranean Diet Cuts Risk of Diabetes. http://www.medpagetoday.com/PrimaryCare/DietNutrition/43672; CDC. National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2100. http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf

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