These events upset the United States and there were concerns about Castro becoming too powerful. And the United States President Eisenhower made a plan to overthrow Castro and his government. President Eisenhower met with CIA to make a plan for this invasion. And on March 1960, Eisenhower approved the program. The CIA gathered ... ... middle of paper ... ...had another reason to have hatred on US.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion By late 1958 Castro was still fighting a guerilla war against the Fulgencio Batista. Before he came to power, there was an incident between his troops and some vacationing American troops from the nearby American naval base at Guantanamo Bay. During the incident some U.S. Marines were held captive by Castro’s forces but were later released after a ransom was secretly paid. Because of what happened the United States and the chief of U.S. Naval Operations, Admiral Burke, wanted to send in the Marines to destroy Castro's forces but Secretary of State Foster Dulles didn’t want any of that to happen.
While on the contrary, during Castro’s USA tour Eisenhower refused a visit with him calling his ideals communist and unjust. Nixon, following Eisenhower’s judgment, claimed that Castro “is either incredibly naïve about communism or under communist discipline-my guess is the former” (Depalma 19). This sentiment spread to the American citizens rapidly creating a huge divide among Cubans and Cuban Americans. One of the first and most controversial reforms done by Castro was the Agrarian Reform which sought to break up all the landholdings by foreigners, including the US, from the Batista rule and redistribute it to those who worked for it, also known as the working-class citizens. The US grew animosity as some of these land holdings were owned by the USA, stripping them of some of their economic property.
They took the chance to destroy the communist threat that was quite close to our shores and, in the process, made the CIA and our government look incompetent. First, I will give some background information on the conflict. In 1960, President Eisenhower gave the CIA the order to begin training Cuban exiles to oppose Castro's rule in Cuba and having them lead resistance groups within Cuba. Therefore, we would have a force already in the country to slow down Cuban Forces when our invaders landed. It didn't quite work out this way.
In 1954 and ’58 the country held presidential elections that, though purportedly “free,” were manipulated to make Batista the sole candidate”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).“Faced with the collapse of his regime and with the growing discontent of his supporters, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on January 1, 1959”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).Bastia ruled totalitarian rule, jailing anyone against him, using terrorist methods, and getting cash for him and his friends(The Editors ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. . Roques, Richard. "History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution." History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution. Http://www.rcgfrfi.easynet.co.uk, n.d.
Fidel Castro and the Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs invasion on 17 April 1961 marked one of the most embarrassing events in United States government history. Shortly after overthrowing Cuban President Fulgencia Batista in 1959, Fidel Castro’s regime became a concern to United States policymakers. Fidel Castro’s actions against U.S. companies and interests and the establishment of closer relationships with the Soviet Union immediately suggested that the Cuban leader was a threat to the United States. In March 1960, President Eisenhower ordered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to train a force of Cuban exiles, known as Brigade 2506, for an armed attack on Cuba. John F. Kennedy inherited this issue when he became president in 1961 and decided to go forward with the plan.
Every day, Castro came closer to controlling every aspect in life in Cuba. Fidel Castro even took control of the schools in Cuba, throwing out any teacher who he thought... ... middle of paper ... ...urprise, they assumed many Cubans would defect from Castro, and help the U.S. fight. The undisputed fact is that the U.S. lost the battle at the Bay of Pigs. Nothing was gained, and nearly brought the U.S. into war with Cuba and its ally, Russia. After nearly 40 years, the Bay of Pigs remains the largest mistake made by United States officials.
On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing. His government was quickly recognized by the U.S., giving him legitimacy, which he turned into unopposed electoral victory in 1954. His regime was characterized by relationship both with the U.S. government and with the American Mafia. He faced almost immediate opposition from the Communist revolutionaries, who fought a six year guerilla war starting in 1953. The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population.
Fidel Castro was very idiosyncratic towards politics and therefor joined law school at the University of Havana. In 1950, Fidel Castro graduated from law school and began practicing law. Embracing his strong interest in politics, Fidel Castro decided to become a candidate for a seat in Cuba’s House of Representatives during June 1952 elections. Before elections could be held, however, Fulgencio Batista successfully coup the previous Cuban government and cancelled the elections. Fulgencio Batista would jail his opponents and use terrorist methods to make himself and his associates a fortune.
In an attempt to over throw the Cuban government the United States fully funded and planned the invasion of southern Cuba also know as the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The U.S. had landed armed Cuban exiles in southern Cuba in attempting to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro in 1961.this marked the climax of anti Cuban U.S. actions. The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion was caused by misinformation lack of strategic planning and mismanagement, the consequences of that was 2x4 to the face for the Americans and a major increase in tensions between the two super powers of the world during the cold war. The lack of strategic planning of the invasion by the United States government lead to the failure at the attempt to overthrow the Cuban government. The United States had originally attempted to overthrow the Cuban government which was lead by Fidel Castro by sending in armed Cuban exiles to southwest Cuba in 1961.