Before the Missile Crisis, the relationship between Castro and the US were strained by the Bay of Pigs occurrence in 1961. This was where counterrevolutionary Cubans were American funded and tried to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro. However, the counterrevolutionaries failed. Castro then found an alliance with the Soviet Union and an increase of distrust that Castro had on the US. On January 18, 1962, the United States’ Operation Mongoose was learned.
“Cuba - A Case of Communist Take-Over.” The New York Times Magazine July 1961: 59-64 Guido, Jessica. “The Invasion and the Failure.” The Invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. 1999. 11 April 2000 . 1965: 47.
As soon as this happened, The United States and Cuban relations began to deteriorate. Castros’ new government had nationalized a majority of US owned businesses and private property in Cuba and also established economic and diplomatic ties with the USSR. Because the United States was in the middle of the Cold War with USSR, this scared them, so they immediately took action. The United States cut off sugar purchases from Cuba and also placed an embargo on all exports to Cuba with exception to food and medicine. In January 1961, President Eisenhower broke diplomatic ties with Cuba.
Is the Cuban Embargo a cruel reminder of the Cold war, or is it an important factor of American Democracy fighting the spread of Communism? The Cuban Embargo was a declaration issued by American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The embargo was issued because of the threat that the Communist government of Cuba, led by Fidel Castro in 1959, had on American security, assets and democracy at the height of the Cold War. Some 1.8 billion worth of industrial assets were lost with Cuban communist nationalization. (Mr. D’Angelo personal interview) In support, constant influence of the Soviet Union during the early 1960s, particularly the time between 1961 and 1962, led to the creation of the embargo.
Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an effort by American-backed Cuban exiles to cause the downfall of the Communist government of Fidel Castro. The plan for the invasion had in fact been Richard Nixon's, however President Eisenhower and the CIA took it from there, forming it into a plan, titled "A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime".
In 1959, Fidel Castro started to grow very antagonistic with the United States and their interest. Under the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations they gave the CIA power to come up with a way to ride him of his power. Many different attempts were made, like poisoning him, putting anticommunist groups in Cuba, and also the CIA contacted the mafia so they could assassinate Castro, but in the end none of those planes worked. Many of the upper and middle class started to flee Cuba and went to settle in Florida because of the communist government takeover. The CIA decided to use these Cubans and give them the chance to overthrow Castro.
On April 16th, 1961 Castro declares Cuba a Socialist state. The very next day, the United States, in a mission codenamed “Bay of Pigs,” backed a failed attempt by Cuban refugees to overthrow Castro. Immediately after this failed coup, the United States began progress in another operation to overthrow the dictator. This was known as Operation Mongoose, which was conceptualized in November 1961. The mission was not immediately carried out, as the military was constantly trying to reasse... ... middle of paper ... ...he Politics of Passion.
"They talk about the failure of socialism but where is the success of capitalism in Africa, Asia and Latin America?" -- Fidel Castro Introduction During the 1950’s, Cuba was on the brink of revolution. The nation, which had suffered numerous corrupt and oppressive governmental regimes, fell victim to yet another when Fulgencio Batista seized power under a military coup in March of 1952. A cry for a just Cuba, that was economically, politically, and socially free continued to echo throughout the island. In 1959, a group of radical revolutionaries, under the leadership of Fidel Castro, overthrew the Batista dictatorship and put in place the political and social structures that exist in Cuba to this day.