Battles of Lexington and Concord

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Introduction The Battles of Lexington and Concord occurred on 19 April 1775 between the British Regulars and the Patriot Militia, also known today as Americans, in the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord. “The Battles of Lexington and Concord is often referred to as the “Shot Heard Around the World” and the beginning of the American Revolutionary War” (Fischer, 1994). The Battles of Lexington and Concord consisted of in four events: the skirmish in Lexington between the British Regulars and the Lexington Training Band, the search and seizure of arms, munitions and military stores in Concord, the battles between the Regulars and the militias during the march of the Regulars back to Boston and the surrounding of Boston by the American militias. The overall mission is that the British Regulars went into these towns to collect and destroy the American military supplies, while the Americans were trying to maintain their arms and their way of life which would evolve to their independence from the crown of England. This lead up to the Battles of Lexington and Concord was truly the kick off point of the utilization of intelligence collection/dissemination and intelligence operations for the Americans. The British Regulars employed a very strict intelligence collection in the preparation of the battlefield for their operations. The Americans established an “amoeba like” form of intelligence collection with the collective goal being their independence. Unfortunately on both sides of the coin, the lack of operational security provided both parties with an operational view of how each party was conducting business. The British Road to War The British Regulars were commanded by Lieutenant General Thomas Gage. The British Regulars cons... ... middle of paper ... ... Regulars were misdirected by the locals and steered away from the smaller militia supply caches that remained in the town. While the searches were being conducted in the town of Concord, two companies of Regulars were trying to maintain the North Bridge. The Regulars were engaged by approximately 400 militiamen. After the engagement, the Regulars retreated back towards the town of Concord. Lieutenant Colonel Smith heard the gunfire coming from the North Bridge area and sent two grenadier companies to reinforce the infantry companies at the North Bridge. The two grenadier companies were able to link up with the three decimated infantry companies. This action left the companies of Regulars conducting the searches isolated and the road leading to Concord without protection. At this time Lieutenant Colonel Smith gave the orders to begin the march back towards Boston.
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