The Battle of Saratoga: The Turning Point of the American Revolution The Revolutionary War is enshrined in American memory as the beginning of a new nation born in freedom. (The Saratoga Chamber of Commerce, 1999) On 17 October 1777, the surrender of the British during the Battle of Saratoga proved to the world that the American Army was an effective fighting force. The American victory at Saratoga was a major turning point in the America’s fight for Independence. This victory also resulted in needed military support from European powers, particularly France, against the British Empire. (Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2006) The major factors that led to the British downfall during the Battle of Saratoga were their lack of intelligence collection assets, American versus European tactics, harsh terrain, poor logistic, and American resolve.
A revolution is defined as being a generally violent attempt by many people to end one rule of governing, and to create their own (Websters Dictionary). The founding of our own independent country is based on such a notion, with our forefathers fighting to gain their freedom from the oppressive rule of Colonial England. With rampant fears of tyranny from a country deemed a super power, the American people were divided in their views of creating their own government, making the definition of a revolution all the more difficult. The years 1775 to 1785 in American history were enormously fundamental to the founding of the United States. From the famous Battles of Lexington and Concord which started the war with England, to the drafting of our own Declaration of Independence from which the United States of America was born, the victorious battles fought against the Redcoats, and to the Treaty of Paris.
This historic event was known as The American Revolution. The American Revolution gave birth to democracy in America through great historical events, unknown facts, and famous penned agreements. Resistance to the British and their control over the colonies began with a small group of men called The Sons of Liberty. Over time, they grew into a large organization having members in all of the colonies. Their primary purpose was to reject the extreme taxes the British were imposing on them.
Great generals are crucial to the prospering of a nation. They impart unity to a country and defend against any enemy it may encounter. There are two wars showcasing such brilliant generals in American history: the Revolutionary War and the Civil War. In one, the English colonists on the continent of North America broke off from their mother country to form their own. In the other, the nation of the United States, having been firmly established at that point, was fighting against itself over the issue of slavery.
The American Revolutionary was only the middle of American History. The Revolutionary war began way before America’s major involvement when the British Government gained power. The war paved the way to the way we fight wars today due to the mistakes that the British made in their fight that eventually caused them to lose the war against the British Colonies. Many tax oppositions were made, many wars were fought, but in the end the British Colonies became the beginning of a new revolution that we now know as the United States of America. Many did not know that the American revolutionary war stemmed from the wars that Great Britain fought in the mid 1760’s.
Web 8 June 2015. http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/revolution/summary.html “American Revolution”. www.harlingen.isd.tenet.edu. H.C.I.S.D. Web 8 June 2015. http://www.harlingen.isd.tenet.edu/coakhist/amrev.html#TOP “The Battles of Lexington and Concord”. www.theamericanrevolution.org.
The battle was with the thirteen colonies wanting independence from Great Britain. The thirteen colonies didn’t want to follow any of Britain’s undeserved laws anymore. The American Revolutionary war was the most life changing event in U.S. history because it was started by Great Britain, many people died, and the United States won the war. First off, the American Revolution came about by Great Britain. The battle began because the colonies believed they should be treated better than they were.
Although it is a well-known fact that George Washington was the first president of the United States of America, it is less commonly thought about Washington led a new continent striving for independence through its struggle. As Shogan said in her article Washington, George, ”On June 15, 1775, the Continental Congress named George Washington the commander in chief of the Revolutionary army. Although Washington was not a military genius, his strategy during the war proved effective. Acutely aware that an outright defeat of the British was unlikely, Washington persistently harassed the enemy and relied upon surprise attacks and skillful retreats to win the war.” Washington first got military experience when his brother Lawrence passed away. He became a district adjutant, or a military officer who is an assistant to a senior officer, and that also meant that he would train the soldiers of the local militia.
To understand the American War for Independence, we have to look at the time period of 1763, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, to 1776, with the signing of the Declaration of Independence. We also have to realize that the Seven Years’ War had a profound effect upon the American Colonies and their political standings. It is because of this war that Britain was forced to change its colonial policies, which in turn led the Americans to become revolutionaries. The Seven Years’ War itself showed the American Colonialists that they could unite together against a common foe, it just so happened that Britain did not expect to be one of them. I hope to show how the Seven Years’ War was the triggering effect that started both Britain and America on the path to war.
The American Tactics of the Revolutionary War Biography and Footnotes _________ Research ___________ Critical Analysis ___________ Historical Interpretation ___________ Technical ___________ Content ___________ Originality ___________ Style of writing ___________ Prove thesis ___________ Eric Heppen American History Term Paper December 13, 1999 Period 7 The American Tactics of the Revolutionary War Most of Europe thought that the British with their immense amount of capital, soldiers and supplies would beat the American resistance in the American revolutionary war without much of an effort. However the Patriots realized, from their earliest difficulties, to capitalize on the enemy’s weaknesses. Guerrilla warfare and a strategy th... ... middle of paper ... ... during the American Revolutionary War. Bibliography 1. Alden John, A History of the American Revolution, Borzoni Books, New York, 1969 2.