The Battle of Bannockburn happened in 1314 just outside of Stirling, Scotland. It was a war between the large English army and the much smaller Scottish army. The Scottish showed they were a force to be reckoned with when they took Stirling Castle for ransom. The English were trying to get the castle back from the Scottish which caused the Battle of Bannockburn
Leading up to the Battle of Bannockburn, quite a few things happened. In 1290, Margaret, “the maid of Norway”, the heir to the Scottish throne, died when she was eight years old. Her death left Scotland without a ruler. The desperate Scottish called on their neighbors in England to help them find their next ruler. The English King, Edward I, picked the new Scottish king. INSERT DATE Edward picked John de Baliol over Robert Brus. Edward picked Baliol becuase he thought he could control him.
Edward, however, soon regretted his decision. Baliol made an alliance with France INSERT DATE. France was Edward’s sworn enemy. Edward then returned to Scotland and forced Baliol off the throne. Edward was so mad at the Scottish that he took the Stone of Scones, which was important to the Scottish, and left Scotland without a ruler.
The Scottish were not pleased with Edward’s decision to leave them without a ruler. William Wallace, a Scottish citizen, stepped up to rally the Scottish against the English. The English realized that the Scottish were growing stronger and brought an army to Scotland. INSERT DATEWallace gathered troops and took them to war against the English at the Battle of Stirling bridge. The Scottish won against a larger English army.
TOPIC SENTENCE Then, a few years later in 1305, the English defeated Wallace and the Scots at the Battle of Falkirk. The English captur...
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...gan to intermarry. The same people even held both thrones for a while. The countries, however, remained separate until 1707, when the Official Act of Union created the United Kingdom. This battle had a huge impact on both countries but it will always be remembered as an impressive victory for the Scottish
The Battle of Bannockburn was a source of great pride for the Scottish community. The Scottish not only defeated a much larger army that really wanted control of Scotland, but they also ensured their countries sovereignty for more than four centuries after the battle. The Scottish army fought as one cohesive unit against the English army. They fought a well planned battle. They used the terrain to their advantage, and they had military tactics that the English had never before seen. For all of these reasons, the Battle of Bannockburn secured a place in history.
In this essay, the author
Explains that the battle of bannockburn happened in 1314 just outside of stirling, scotland. it was a war between the large english army and the smaller scottish army.
Recounts how margaret, norway's heir to the scottish throne, died in 1290, leaving scotland without a ruler. the desperate scottish called on their neighbors in england to help them find their next ruler
Narrates how edward regretted his decision and forced baliol off the throne. he took the stone of scones, which was important to the scottish.
Describes how william wallace, a scottish citizen, rallied the scottish against the english at the battle of stirling bridge.
Narrates how the english defeated wallace and the scots at the battle of falkirk in 1305. the english captured wallace, convicted him of treason, and sent his arms and legs to different scottish cities to scare the citizens.
Explains that after wallace's death in 1305, robert the bruce, grandson of robert de brus, abandoned his allegiance to england and began to build up the scottish forces.
Explains that edward i died in 1307, and edward ii stayed away from scotland. bruce, however, wanted all of the scottish land back from england.
Explains that edward bruce, robert bruce's younger brother, began the siege of stirling castle in 1314. the english men inside the castle called for help from their country.
Explains that the battle began on july 24, 1314. the english army traveled for many days to reach stirling castle.
Explains that the scottish picked out the battle field carefully, surrounded by woods on one side and marsh on the other side, and the only decent way to approach it was to go down an old roman road.
Analyzes how edward arrived at stirling castle by midsummer. he had already met the requirements for getting the castle back, but he lost control of his army.
Compares how the two countries were armed very similar to one another, with the scots carrying large pikes, or long spears. when the english approached the scottish army, they saw a strange sight.
Compares how edward and bruce fought differently. edward was heavily protected with weapons on his horse, while bruce had only an axe. henry de bohun took his lance and ran straight at bruce.
Analyzes how the scottish were outnumbered by the english three to one, but the scots still won the battle. they claimed to have lost only two knights and few pikemen.
Explains that historians are still arguing over where the battle took place. they say that edward could not have passed stirling castle if the battlefield was at the reported location.
Explains that people are arguing about how the battle got its name. some people say that the name came from the small town of bannockburn located just outside of the stirling area.
Analyzes how the battle of bannock had a huge impact on the english. king edward ii was regarded poorly by his country and his family.
Explains that bruce was recognized as the king of scots after the battle, and pope john xxii blessed his reign.
Opines that bruce's victory ensured the scottish kingdom security for four centuries. the two countries remained separate until 1707.
Explains that the battle of bannockburn was a source of great pride for the scottish community. the scottish army fought as one cohesive unit against the english army.
The origin of the war goes back to the conquest of William for England. In 1066
In this essay, the author
Narrates how mortimer's body was left hanging for 2 days after he was seized and hung.
Narrates how england held the port of bordeaux in france, enabling them to depend on england for wool.
Opines that england and scotland were not on good terms with one another.
Explains that the government was divided and counts or dukes were assigned to rule over certain areas.
Describes how edward began fighting in 1339. he sent a small army to flanders to try to provoke.
Narrates how he began the use of a chevauchee.
Explains that the french were the first to kill off a large number of people. the battle at sluys was the english's first major victory.
Explains that edward fled to england and acknowledged edward as the king of france in exchange for his recognition.
Describes how the countship intervened in 1343 and persuaded philip and edward to sign a truce.
Analyzes how edward had philip’s son, john, lead an army against jeanne and won (lace 34).
Explains that the horrible disease was spread by infected rats and fleas and killed 1/4 to 1/3 of the population.
Explains the origin of the war goes back to the conquest of william, the duke of normandy, for england. this was possible under feudalism.
Explains that the person receiving the land, had to go through ceremony in which they would say that they'd be faithful to their overlord and fight for them if needed.
Narrates how isabella, the wife of king edward ii of england, plotted to kill edward iii, making her son edward king.
Explains that isabella's brother, king charles iv of france, died. he had no children to leave the throne to, but his wife jeanne was pregnant.
Explains that the french were against edward becoming their king. philip was favored because he was older and edward was under the control of his mother and mortimer.
Narrates how edward iii returned to france in 1337 to claim what he felt was rightfully his. he drafted a document to philip of valois that said that edward was the rightful king of france.
Explains that philip was ruling the land that he owned. there were dukes and lords appointed by philip to rule over the lands of edward iii.
Explains that edward iii made a treaty with the scottish in 1328 but intervened when their leader robert bruce, died. the english deposed david ii, bruce’s son and the new king.
Narrates how edward iii saw these ships and thought that this was an attempted attack on him. he challenged philip to a battle in 1337, but philip declined.
Explains how philip was backed by the loyalty of edward's nobles and able to get parliament to raise taxes to fund the war.
Opines that france was poorer than france and that they would have a much smaller army.
Explains that the tenants and serfs lived on the farmland that they farmed which was owned by nobels.
Explains that the first class was made up of lesser lords who owned small estates and had local powers, while the higher aristocracy consisted of the small elite, dukes, earls, counts, and princes of lands.
Describes how philip changed his mind and backed down, making edward mad because it was a waste of time and money. the english sailed toward france, but the french chased them.
Describes how the english army was made up mostly of yeomen on foot that fought with longbows and crecy became the first battle to use gunpowder.
Narrates how edward tried to siege calais, but jeanne de vienne, the city’s commander, held out in hopes that edward would retreat to england in the winter.
Narrates how calais was running out of food because the city was surrounded. vienne sent out 500 people because he was no longer able to.
Describes how philip sent edward a challenge to defend calais, but edward refused. philip left the town to its own fate. jeanne de vienne rode out of town giving up his sword and the keys to the city.
Narrates how edward led an english fleet against the spanish from castille and won. he turned over his powers to his son edward the black prince two weeks before philip of valois.
Hayden Michael John Patton-Kirby English Mrs.King November 23rd, 2015 The Battle of Yorktown “The World Turned Upside Down” , played the British marching band at the surrender of Yorktown. The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle of the American Revolutionary War, due to The Treaty of Paris which later followed. The Battle of Yorktown had many causes, leaders, events, and effects making it a very influential battle in the war.
In this essay, the author
Explains that the battle of yorktown was the final battle of the american revolutionary war due to the treaty of paris.
Explains that general george washington received word from the continental congress to entrap cornwallis in yorktown, virginia, and deliver a crushing blow to the british forces in the southern campaign.
Explains that the american generals were important in the battle, as they helped train and prepare soldiers for service.
Describes the struggles faced by the continental army before and after the battle of yorktown.
Explains that the treaty of paris ended the war and gave independence to the united states of america. george washington was seen as a hero by colonists and respected by the british.
Explains that the battle of yorktown had many leaders, causes, events, and effects that made it very important. they entered battle as colonies and came out a country.
...battle marked the end of the fighting in Northern France. After being pushed out of northern France, Henry VI sent an army to Bordeaux in an attempt to gain at least some territory in France. The French responded by besieging the town of Castillon. In an attempt to lift the siege, the English attack the French force besieging the town. The English are defeated once more and are driven out of both Castillon and Bordeaux. The only remaining English territory in France was the coast of Calais, which remained in English control until the mid 1500s.
In this essay, the author
Describes how orleans was besieged by english forces during the hundred years' war between france and england. joan of arc appeared at the court of charles and lifted the siege in 1429.
Explains that the events leading up to the siege of orleans were mainly victories for the english. king edward of england was not accepted to be king of france.
Narrates how henry v landed in france with ten thousand men and besieged harfleur, a port town along the french coast. he set course for calais, but was stopped by french forces in agincourt.
Explains that scotland stopped aiding france in the war, and england kept their hold in normandy. the balance of power changed in 1429, with the appearance of joan of arc.
Analyzes how the hundred years' war between england and france entered a crucial phase when the young king henry v invaded france and won decisive victories against the forces of king charles vi
Analyzes how joan of arc was granted access to charles' court due to her courage and determination. she led the french army to victory in many battles.
Narrates how joan of arc was captured by an english sympathizer and taken to an england court. the french drove the english out of rouen in october 1449, and into the town of formigny.
Explains that the siege of orleans gave the french the morale they needed, with the help of joan of arc. after france gained a foothold at the heavily fortified position at orleans, the english stood barely any match.
In this essay I will explain why I think The Battle of Britain was the
In this essay, the author
Explains why they think the battle of britain was the most important turning point in world war two because it showed hitler and the nazis could be defeated for the first time.
Explains that hitler conquered most of central europe including france, poland, holland, and belgium. he believed that a country should have an amount of land in proportion to its size.
Explains that hitler wanted to occupy britain because there would be no threat from the west allowing the nazis to turn their sight on the ussr.
Explains that britain called 'operation sea lion (sealowwe)' in which he would cross the english channel in flat-bottomed vessels and land on the south coast of england.
Describes how a german bomber dropped the rest of its bombs over what the pilot thought was the english channel so he would save fuel.
Narrates how winston churchill ordered the bombing of berlin and other major german cities. hitler had stated to the german people, 'a bomb would never be dropped on berlin.
Explains hitler's decision to invade britain gave the british air force time to re-arm, rebuild, and regroup as they were virtually on their knees.
Explains that german messerschmitts fought with british hurricanes and spitfires during the battle. the allied aircraft were based very near the battle and could fight for much longer.
Explains that germany lost 470 fighters and 734 bombers, compared to 769 lost by britain. the battle was a turning point in the war because the nazis had been defeated for the first time.
Explains that the british public felt patriotic after dunkirk, but now they celebrated. winston churchill said, "this is not the end.
Describes how the british and french troops were trapped at dunkirk after a massive german offensive pushed through holland, belgium and luxembourg. the nazis used 'blitzkreig' (lightening war).
Explains how enemy defences before lighter tanks, armoured cars, and infantry would deal with the remaining resistance. it was so effective that germany captured poland in 28 days.
Opines that dunkirk links to the battle of britain because britain could re-group and prepare for a german invasion.
Opines that both the battle of britain and dunkirk had a huge impact on the country but in very different ways.
Explains that the public regained confidence after the battle. operation barbarossa was hitler's invasion of russia that began on june 22nd 1941.
Explains that the germans were gaining a foothold in russia and were fighting at stalingrad. as the russian winter set in, the nazis found it increasingly difficult to fight.
Analyzes how the russians surrounded the german army in the city and massacred them. this was an important event because it showed the rest of the world that hitler could make mistakes.
Opines that operation barbarossa and dunkirk are very different events as allied troops were saved from massacre and were closer to home whereas the nazis were slaughtered and hundreds of miles from safety.
Opines that operation barbarossa was more significant because it showed that hitler could make mistakes and the allied people believed there was some way of defeating the nazis.
Opines that hitler's decision to split his forces in two in operation barbarossa was more important than the allied invasion of occupied france.
Narrates how the germans were deceived by a spanish double agent juan puyol garcia, who convinced them that the normandy landings had been decoys for an invasion near calais.
Explains that 132,715 men were ashore by the end of the day, which rose quickly over the next few days. it showed once again that hitler could be beaten.
Explains that britain and the allies could start re-arming and think about how to invade occupied france and take back all the countries the nazis had invaded. dunkirk was seen as an axis victory whereas d-day is undoubtedly an allied victory.
Opines that d-day was a more significant turning point in the war than dunkirk because it showed how the allies could work together to defeat the nazis.
Concludes that the battle of britain was the most important turning point in world war two.
Opines that barbarossa and d-day were more significant than other events, such as pearl harbour, evacuation, hiroshima, and nagasaki.
Explains that the future of britain depended on it as hitler would have invaded if they hadn't won. the war was now being brought to britain and they were now on the defending country.
Opines that the battle of britain was an incredibly important event, not just in world war two but in the history of british and even the world.
The Hundred Years Wars was started when King Philip VI, the king of France had a good claim to the French land, because his mother was the dead French king’s Aunt. (The Other Side ). At the beginning of the war the English had won many of the wars, they made a new method of warfare that was very dominant with man that carried longbows and were on horses, and men that would be at there sides dismounted. (“Hundred Years War”).
In this essay, the author
Explains that the hundred years war lasted 116 years and was fought by someone wanting to be a ruler of his country and another.
Explains that the hundred years wars was started when king philip vi, the king of france, had a good claim to the french land, because his mother was the dead french
Explains that the 100 years war was important to england because the number of attacks the two countries had on each other led to the discovery of new technology including new siege engines and the use of the longbow
Explains that the wars were fought on 100 percent french soil. a win of the english would be followed by a win by the french.
Explains that the english went through five kings and one prince during the one hundred and sixteen years, while the french passed through philip iii and louis i
Explains that knights provided the kings with soldiers whenever the king wanted or needed them. the kings officials traveled around england searching for very skilled archers.
Narrates how king henry v claimed to the french throne when he took control of harfleur and many other costal regions, defeating an army many times bigger than his armies size.
Describes how the peasant girl jeanne d'arc (joan of arc) gave french armies new faith and led them to multiple wins against the english.
Describes how joan of arc was captured and delivered to the english courts by the burgundians. she was burned as a witch at rouen and henry vi of england was crowned king of france in paris.
Explains that the hundred years war ended because two rulers of england could not agree that they needed to stop the war.
Cites ehistory at osu | hundred years war. dr. wheeler's website. carson-newman university. n.p., n.d.
July 29, 1567, in the Church of the Holy Rude, James was crowned King of Scotland. The people decided that James what a good man. His teacher had taught him everything. His first teacher was a historian and poet George Buchanan. For the duration of his royalty he thought it would be good to establish the office of regent. Meanwhile, the problems in Scotland became complicated. In 1568, Mary Stuart escaped from prison and began gathering an army. Mary was forced to flee to England, where Queen Elizabeth I imprisoned her. New regent was the grandfather of King Matthew Stewart. Against him, Queen Mary and Scotland again plunged into civil war. September 4, 1571, the Lennox was killed during a night attack. The new king, John Erskine, 17th Earl of Mar, came into conflict with the head of Scotland, James Douglas. Peace was restored in Scotland. Mary's supporters were defeated. Soon, rebellion broke out again, people did not like for Morton's ideas. In 1579, King James found a new person he liked, Esme Stewart. Morton accused of murdering James father. Morton w...
In this essay, the author
Explains that king james was the son of queen mary and lord darnley. he was born on june 19, 1566, and received the title of duke of rothesay.
Narrates how james was crowned king of scotland in 1567. his teacher was george buchanan and he thought it would be good to establish the office of regent.
Explains how james duke of lennox helped him out, which increased suspicions of false hope between france and spain.
Explains that james married anna, the daughter of frederick ii, in 1590, but their marriage fell apart after 20 years. james took act, which limited his authority over the church of scotland. melville began preaching the theory of the "two kingdoms."
Explains that james vi's goal was the throne of england, but the stuarts' candidacy did not enjoy the support of the british.
Explains that james assumed that the throne of england was his. james was a follower of anglicanism, but his desire to learn about the church, could not decide which one he liked more.
Describes how a group of english catholics were laid plan to assassinate the king by blowing up the house of parliament.
Analyzes how james' relations with parliament were poor, reflecting his absolute tendencies, convinced that his power came from god. many conflicts with the house of commons were dominated by puritans.
Explains that the first parliament met in 1610, since the king could not reach an agreement with parliament, which further split into warring factions.
Explains that james sought to gain the union of england and scotland from the beginning of his reign.
Explains how james began the great emigration of scotland and sought the union of england and scotland. the episcopal system was designed to destroy the democratic scottish spirit.
Analyzes how king james' foreign policy was inconsistent and did not interest the public.
Explains how the momentum gained english colonization during the reign of james.
Opines that james did not have too many assets that were sympathetic. he was not handsome, masculine attitude is not marked by.
Opines that james was a supporter of absolutism and the model of richard ii demanded recognition of their political rights. he wrote and told everything.
...es would not dare attack England and Ireland as they had attempted in her rule because they would know that King James would have Scotland to bring further support. Likewise Scotland was safer with the support of England and Ireland. Divided they were vulnerable, but united they were protected.
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how shakespeare uses king lear to explore the consequences of a monarch's poor political decision in choosing their heir.
Explains that king lear was written in 1604, one year after the death of queen elizabeth i of england and ireland.
Compares king lear to queen elizabeth in that he chooses a proper heir to give his kingdom the brightest future.
Analyzes how shakespeare chose to create his own version of king leir because of the change in power between queen elizabeth and king james.
Analyzes how shakespeare used the legend of king leir to make a statement about the events unfolding in the world around him.
Cites elizabeth i's "historical context for king lear by william shakespeare." columbia college.
One of England’s main adversaries was Spain. In May of 1702 England, Austria and the Dutch declared war to begin the ‘War of of the Spanish Succession.” The cause of the war was due to the death of the King of Spain, Charles the
In this essay, the author
Analyzes how england gained valuable territories during the 12 year war, which lasted until 1714. the anglo-french relations were not in good shape.
Explains how the trade of timber helped the new england merchants because they became wealthy from the trading with their motherland. the english government imposed duties against major colonial exports.
Explains how the removal of threat from the strongest competing foreign power set the stage for britain's conquest of india and north america.
Analyzes how the british created commerce by using the navy as a well-protected and effective transoceanic transportation company.
Explains that britain's dominance over the sea, colonization, and trade allowed for a rapid rise to power.
Explains that the rise of great britain began in the early 16th century and lasted until the mid-19th century.
Explains that the seven years war represented years of british-french conflict, which ended in 1763 when france and britain signed the treaty of paris.
Explains that the british were going to africa to retrieve slaves and sell them to the indians in exchange for tropical produce.
It was part of the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe and it occurred between 1702 and 1713. In February, 1704 at daybreak, a party of nearly four hundred French and Indians attacked New England from Canada and broke upon the town of Deerfield, Massachusetts.
In this essay, the author
Explains that king george's war was the third of the four wars that occurred between 1744 and 1748, and was marked by the capture of louisburg.
Explains that the french and indian war was the last of four major colonial wars between the british and their native american allies.
Opines that even though many countries vied for control of the flourishing north american continent between 1689 and 1763, none were as successful as great britain.
Explains that during the late 1600s and the mid-1700s, countries fought for land and power in order to have global domination.
The history of Scotland is said to have begun roughly 10.000 years ago by the end of the last glacial period. It is believed that people lived together in small groups and lived of the land. The written history of Scotland began when the Roman Empire arrived in Scotland in the 1st century AD. The Romans however could not subdue the tribes that lived in the north so they built a massive wall across the island by demand of the Emperor Hadrian in 123. This wall was from sea to sea and there are still remains of it today. In 1034 Normans concurred England and Norman culture began to influence Scotland. After the Normans concurred England
In this essay, the author
Explains that the written history of scotland began when the roman empire arrived in scotland in the 1st century ad. the normans concurred england and norman culture began to influence scotland.
Explains that the scottish kilt and bagpipes are probably the most known tradition of scotland.
Explains that celtic music is often associated with scotland since a lot of it comes from scotland and scotland has influenced it significantly in history as well as today. irish and scottish musicians have also had an impact on other genres like bluegrass and country music.