Basketball was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith of Almonte, Ontario. While he was attending the international YMCA Training School (School for Christian Workers) in Springfield, Massachusetts, he was challenged by the Head of Physical Education at the school to create an indoor game to distract students and keep them occupied during the extremely cold winter of that area. His response to this challenge was to create a game that required skill instead of brute strength like other popular sports of that time. He invented a game with 13 rules and 18 men in a YMCA gymnasium: basketball.

Dr. James Naismith’s 13 rules explained how the game of basketball should be played. These rules focus on how to play the game fairly, timing, and winning. All rules have been modified throughout the years however, except the height of the goal, yet the overall concept has not been altered.

Since Naismith’s original invention, the game slowly evolved as changes were made to make the game more efficient. For example, in the beginning of the sport, an actual basket was used as a goal and men needed to climb up and get the ball out using ladders. This was extremely time consuming and slowed the game down and by the 1910’s open nets had become popular. Also, team sizes were reduced to five players per team, foul shots were created, and the jump ball at center court after each basket was eliminated.

Today, the NBA breaks up the rules of the game into 12 major categories. The game has definitely increased in complexity and developed a great deal from what it used to be.

Collegiate Basketball

Basketball really began to develop in colleges and universities. The first official college basketball game took place in 1895 and ...

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... abroad because there was no female professional league in the United States, which lead to the creation of the WNBA in 1997. While men’s basketball is consistently more popular than women’s, the WNBA increased the status of this sport significantly.

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