preview

Basal Ganglia Calcification

Better Essays
Basal ganglia calcification is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex areas of the brain; affecting movement, awareness, memory, motor skills, as well as causing psychiatric and behavioral difficulties. Although considered rare, basal ganglia calcification is believed to be under-diagnosed since calcium deposits are only recognized through brain imaging tests. (Josiah, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute of Health). This condition can be very frustrating to the individual, as well as the family.
Since the age of five, my daughter, Brittany, began displaying several disabilities including attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD), learning difficulties, short stature, and hand tremors, all of which had no known cause or causal connection. However, at the age of thirteen, she was diagnosed with basal ganglia calcification, after a CT scan performed to diagnose a sudden onset of severe headaches revealed the existence of calcium deposits. Although the CAT scan was not a determining factor in the diagnoses of the root cause of her headaches, it was a key factor in determining the possible cause of her noted disabilities.
Although the cause of basal ganglia calcification is unknown, it has been associated with toxic exposure, such as carbon monoxide poisoning; infections, such as congenital conditions, tuberculosis, AIDS; metabolic imbalances, such as thyroid disorders, and genetic disorders, such as mitochondrial diseases (MELAS), Cockayne Syndrome and pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) also known as Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome (Knipe).
Basal ganglia calcification can result in psychiatric and b...

... middle of paper ...

...nd Hearing Center, Plattsburgh State
University. Plattsburgh, New York. 5 Oct 2009.

Drugs.com. Propranolol. Web. 5 Dec 2013.

Genetics Home Reference: Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions. “Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification.” U.S. Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health. 12 Nov 13. Web. 14 Nov 2013.

Josiah, Andy. “What is Basal Ganglia Calcification?” Wisegeek. 19 Oct 2013. Web. 19 Nov
2013.

Knipe, Henry, MD and Gaillard, Frank, MD, et al, UMB Medica Network. Radiopaedia.org
Web. 16 Nov 2013.

NINDS Fahr’s Syndrome Information Page. “What is Fahr’s Syndrome.” National Institute of
Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 13 Feb 2007. Web. 19 Nov 2013

Phillips, Michael, MD. Radiology Report: Brain without Contrast. Champlain Valley Medical
Center. 14 Oct 2005

Strong, Brittany. Personal interview. 16 Nov 2013.
Get Access