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Barbier Reaction Lab Report

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barbier reaction: In a 50 mL round bottom flask that had a reflux condenser attachment, saturated ammonium chloride (5 mL), THF (1 mL), zinc powder (0.4 g), benzaldehyde (0.500 mL, 0.5225 g, 4.92 mmol), and allyl bromide (0.470 mL, 0.6533 g, 5.40 mmol) were charged with stir bar and stirred at room temperature for 45 minutes. Diethyl ether (10 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred. The mixture was gravity filtered into a beaker that was topped with a watchglass. The filtrate was transferred to a separatory funnel and the organic layer was extracted with deionized water (10 mL) and diethyl ether (15 mL). The organic layer was placed into an Erlenmeyer flask and the aqueous layer was placed into a beaker, which was extracted with…show more content…
Every 5 minutes, a small amount of mixture was dissolved in acetone (0.5 mL) and was spotted onto a thin layer chromatography (TLC) plate, which contained an eluent mixture of ethyl acetate (2 mL) and hexanes (8 mL). The bezaldehyde disappearance was monitored under an ultraviolet (UV) light. Water (10 mL) was added after the reaction was complete, and vacuum filtrated with a Buchner funnel. Cold ethanol (5 mL) was added drop-by-drop to the dried solid and stirred at room temperature for about 10 minutes. Then, the solution was removed from the stirrer and place in an ice bath until recrystallization. The recrystallized product was dried under vacuum filtration and the 0.057 g (0.22 mmol, 43%) product was analyzed via FTIR and 1H NMR…show more content…
In a separate beaker, acetone (0.587 mL, 8 mmol) and benzaldehyde (1.63 mL, 16 mmol) were charged with a stir bar and stirred on a magnetic stirrer. The beaker mixture was slowly added to the Erlenmeyer flask and stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. Every 10 minutes, a small amount of the reaction mixture was spotted on a TLC plate, with an eluent mixture of ethyl acetate (2 mL) and hexanes (8 mL), to monitor the decrease in benzaldehyde via a UV light. When the reaction was complete, it was chilled in an ice bath until the product precipitated, which was then vacuum filtrated. The filter cake was washed with ice-cold 95% ethanol (2 x 10 mL) and 4% acetic acid in 95% ethanol (10 mL). The solid was fluffed and vacuum filtrated for about 15 minutes. The 0.688 g (2.9 mmol, 36.8%, 111.3-112.8 °C) product was analyzed via FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopies, and the melting point was obtained via
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