Bacterial Resistance To Antibiotics

explanatory Essay
1623 words
1623 words

I am going to begin my paper by defining bacteria. The next step will be to define antibiotics. I will then continue by explaining the concept of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. I will focus on specific ways in which bacteria become resistant to antibiotics. I will continue with ideas of how to control the resistance. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a growing phenomenon that becomes more serious as more bacteria resist drugs. I will finish my paper by listing and explaining ideas that are being used now or will be used in the future in an attempt to control the problem of resistance. Bacteria are organisms that are made up of a single cell. They live in and on our bodies. The only places that you will not find bacteria living in us are in our blood and spinal fluid (CDC, 2013). While many bacteria are beneficial to us and we could not live without them, a number of bacteria are harmful to us and cause diseases. Bacteria reproduce or replicate in just a number of hours, which leads them to evolve rapidly and smoothly adapt to their surroundings (Emerging, 2005). Bacteria are unique because they are able to transfer genes both vertically and horizontally (Wright, 2010). Common diseases that were caused by bacteria and resulted in death before antibiotics included rheumatic fever, syphilis, cellulitis, and bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial agents, are used to destroy or halt the growth of bacteria. Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered by a scientist named Alexander Fleming in 1928 (CDC, 2013). The new discovery of many antibiotics over the next several years led to an extraordinary revolution of medicine by considerably lowering the rate of death and illness from the d... ... middle of paper ... ...lnesses. Agricultural use of antibiotics plays a huge role in bacterial resistance no matter how they are intended to be used (Khachatourians, 1998). Half of the antibiotics that are used in the United States are used for caring for and breeding farm animals, which show the alarming degree that the agricultural setting is contributing to the problem. International efforts are needed to control this problem because it is not just present in the United States but rather is prevalent throughout the world. If international efforts are not combined the regulations and laws that could be put in place will not work because we travel all over the world and the disease will be spread through the mobility. A strategy needs to be put in place to downgrade and possibly terminate the use of antibiotics in ways other than to treat human illnesses and infections in animals.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that they will begin their paper by defining bacteria, define antibiotics, and explain the concept of bacterial resistance. they will finish by listing and explaining ideas that are being used now or will be used in the future.
  • Explains that bacteria are organisms that are made up of a single cell and live in and on our bodies.
  • Explains that antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial agents, are used to destroy or halt the growth of bacteria. penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered by alexander fleming in 1928.
  • Explains that antibiotics are used to target five major parts of the bacteria, including the cell wall, cell membrane, protein synthesis, dna and rna, and the folic acid metabolism.
  • Explains that antibiotic resistance is a natural phenomenon that has been occurring since the use of antibiotics began. exposure to the antibiotic compounds are causing the bacteria to adapt to their environment.
  • Explains that antibiotic resistance occurs through four different methods. the first method of resistance takes place when the target structure is modified, the second way that the bacteria become resistant to drugs comes from altering the method that is transferred into the cell.
  • Explains that antibiotic use in agriculture has caused a transboarder resistance because the resistance starts in the animals and then is transferred to the human population.
  • Explains that escherichia coli is an antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in agriculture. it is transmitted to humans through birds and fruits and vegetables.
  • Explains that antibiotics are misused in many ways, which is a leading cause of bacterial resistance. patients and doctors contribute to the spreading of resistant bacteria.
  • Explains that misdiagnosis leads to antibiotic resistance. prescribing antibiotics that aren't enough to kill bacteria lead to more resistant organisms. testing is needed to find out if the disease can be transmitted through the environment.
  • Explains that poor sanitary practices in doctors' offices and hospital settings contribute to bacterial antibiotic resistance. poor sanitation practices, heavy antibiotic use, and contact with sick patients promote the spread of bacteria throughout the facilities.
  • Explains that patients not complying with the appropriate instructions from their physicians contribute to the problem of antibiotic resistance. patients pressure their doctors into giving them antibiotics to treat illnesses when it is not bacterial.
  • Explains that antibiotic resistance can be controlled by reducing the amount of antibiotics prescribed and limiting the bacteria's resistance.
  • Opines that education is another idea that is believed to stop the widespread antibiotic resistant bacteria. physicians need to be properly trained on the appropriate antibiotics, the correct dosage of drugs, and the best length of time that the patient should consume.
  • Opines that international efforts are needed to control the problem of bacterial resistance in the united states and around the world.
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