I am going to begin my paper by defining bacteria. The next step will be to define antibiotics. I will then continue by explaining the concept of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. I will focus on specific ways in which bacteria become resistant to antibiotics. I will continue with ideas of how to control the resistance. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a growing phenomenon that becomes more serious as more bacteria resist drugs. I will finish my paper by listing and explaining ideas that are being used now or will be used in the future in an attempt to control the problem of resistance. Bacteria are organisms that are made up of a single cell. They live in and on our bodies. The only places that you will not find bacteria living in us are in our blood and spinal fluid (CDC, 2013). While many bacteria are beneficial to us and we could not live without them, a number of bacteria are harmful to us and cause diseases. Bacteria reproduce or replicate in just a number of hours, which leads them to evolve rapidly and smoothly adapt to their surroundings (Emerging, 2005). Bacteria are unique because they are able to transfer genes both vertically and horizontally (Wright, 2010). Common diseases that were caused by bacteria and resulted in death before antibiotics included rheumatic fever, syphilis, cellulitis, and bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial agents, are used to destroy or halt the growth of bacteria. Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered by a scientist named Alexander Fleming in 1928 (CDC, 2013). The new discovery of many antibiotics over the next several years led to an extraordinary revolution of medicine by considerably lowering the rate of death and illness from the d... ... middle of paper ... ...lnesses. Agricultural use of antibiotics plays a huge role in bacterial resistance no matter how they are intended to be used (Khachatourians, 1998). Half of the antibiotics that are used in the United States are used for caring for and breeding farm animals, which show the alarming degree that the agricultural setting is contributing to the problem. International efforts are needed to control this problem because it is not just present in the United States but rather is prevalent throughout the world. If international efforts are not combined the regulations and laws that could be put in place will not work because we travel all over the world and the disease will be spread through the mobility. A strategy needs to be put in place to downgrade and possibly terminate the use of antibiotics in ways other than to treat human illnesses and infections in animals.