Such were the words written by a newspaper contributor describing a monumental event that would impact the history of America forever: the Louisiana Purchase. The history of the Louisiana Territory was mostly that of ownership transfers between Spain and France. It was originally claimed by Spain during the exploration of the New World. However, Spain lost the territory to French setters, who called the area New France. After the 7 Year’s War Spain regained Louisiana.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was a American acquirement from France of the formerly Spanish region Louisiana. When the secret agreement of 1801 was revealed , where Spain went back to Louisiana to France, excited the uneasiness in the United States both because Napoleon France was an aggressive power and because western settlers depended on the Mississippi River for commerce. In a letter to the American minister to France Robert R. Livingston, President stated that “The day that France takes possession of New Orleans...we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and the nation.” Late in 1802 the right of deposit at New Orleans, granted to Americans by the Pinckney Treaty of 1795, was withdrawn by the Spanish intending (Louisiana was still under Spanish control). Although Spain soon restored the right of deposit, the acquisition of New Orleans became of paramount national interest. Jefferson instructed Livingston to attempt to purchase the “Isle of Orleans” and West Florida from France.
Marbury v. Madison Marbury v. Madison was a Supreme Court case to resolve the dispute of Marbury’s appointment in 1803. Before he left presidential office, John Adams made a set of last minute appointments. According to these, he named Federalists to the most of the positions. Among others, he appointed William Marbury “as a justice of the peace in the District of Columbia but failed to deliver Marbury’s commission before midnight” (Boyer 226). Marbury needed the notice of appointment; however, new secretary of state Republican John Madison refused to send it to him.
The Louisiana Purchase impacted the United States significantly. On April 30th of 1803, the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed by Robert Livingston, James Monroe, and Barbe Marbois in Paris, France. This was the territory that France sold to the United States.1 Both the agriculture and the economy got substantially boosted due to this territory. The Louisiana Purchase had an impact on the United States agriculturally, economically, and to advance imperialistic goals. Spain originally claimed this territory but it was also claimed by France who owned it from 1699 to 1762 until they gave it to Spain.
The Louisiana Purchase was one of the chief acquisitions of American History. The purchase single handedly doubled the dimension of the United States and would begin the forming of what we know now as our great nation. The Louisiana Purchase however was almost a totally different deal when it was being pursued by the United States. Let’s walk around the bizarre turn of events regarding the Louisiana Purchase. At some stage in the French and Indian War (1754-63) France ceded French Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain and in 1763 transferred nearly all of its remaining North American holdings to Great Britain.
France controlled this territory from 1699 until 1762, the year it gave the territory to its ally Spain. In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte took France back from Spain in hopes of building a great empire. However, a series of accidental events caused France to sell the entire territory to the United States, which had originally intended only to seek the purchase of New Orleans and its adjacent lands. There were a lot of small events that caused this Louisiana Purchase, including an impending war with Britain, but the main one was the slave revolt in Haiti. Jefferson did not want to purchase Louisiana from France because that would imply that France had the right to be in Louisiana.
After Thomas Jefferson, who served as president from 1801 to 1809, made the Louisiana Purchase on April 30, 1803, the U.S. gained 828 thousand square miles of territory from France. In 1817, the Missouri territory assembly applied for statehood. Missouri was slated to be the first state, other than Louisiana, to be created from the purchase. Considering there was slaves already in Missouri territory, it was clear that Missouri was going to enter the Union as a slave state and have implications on the rest of the new territory from the Louisiana Purchase unless congress opposed it (America Past and Present). Fear began to rise due to the unbalance of free and slave states.
Jefferson’s first act as president was to tell Secretary of State James Madison to withhold the midnight appointment of William Marbury to the office of Justice of the Peace of the District of Columbia. Marbury sued for the appointment President Adams had given him and Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in his favor. The case Marbury vs. Madison set the precedent of the courts right to judicial review of the other branches of government. Jefferson went against his belief in strict Constitutional interpretation several times during office as president, the first time was when he authorized the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Though the power to purchase the land was not given to him as president in the Constitution he went ahead with it because he felt that it was in the best interest of the nation.
These changes of views for both parties illustrates how ideas change as interests and situations change. Despite Federalists arguments, the treaty of the purchase was approved. And in 1803, the Louisiana Territory became part of the United States of America. So was the Louisiana Purchase a necessity to the young but growing nation, or was it a unconstitutional mistake? Many Americans would probably say that the Louisiana Purchase was a necessity to the United States of America.
Through a flaw in the Constitution, he became Vice President, although an opponent of President Adams. In 1800 the defect caused a more serious problem. Republican electors, attempting to name both a President and a Vice President from their own party, cast a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson's election.