BUddhism under Japan

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Under the regulation, their activities was planned to be implemented in the central areas first and extended to the whole island in the following years. Subsequently, all temples of the Sòtò School were required to provide financial support for their activities in Taiwan. Over the coruse, the respect for the Emperor was integrated in the preaching. The earliest offices of these groups were not full temples as such, but simply “branch offices” (shutchòjò) or “branch temples” (betsuin) organized and run under the direct supervision of the head temple (honzan) in Japan. Such establishments were usually referred to within each school or sect as a “missionary station” (fukyòjò). The wealthier Taiwanese might patronize Japanese Buddhist temples in order to maintain closer personal ties with the officials whose good will they needed. At the same time, some other Taiwanese joined officially sponsored religious associations to avoid the charge of using religion as a cover for seditious activities. Finally, there were some very highly placed Chinese monks who needed a good relationship with the government in order for their temples to thrive and develop. During the occupation by Japan, Taiwan Buddhism had to make itself acceptable to the Japanese government in order to survive such catastrophes as the backlash against religious groups resulting from local rebellions in the early colonial period. For this purpose, most of the Buddhist organizations (including Zhaijiao) seeked to form Buddhist associations with Japanese Buddhism under the aegis of the Viceregal government. During the Japan administrative period, religion was separated from the government. As such, all Buddhist associations were subject to private law. While it is f... ... middle of paper ... ...onoly, when the “Japanization Movement and its concomitant “temple restructuring” measures took effect, the “dedication” concept was further reinforced. Nevertheless, during the Japan conoly, Taiwan Buddhism was cultivated to a certain extent with increasing monks and temples developed. During that period, the local great lineages were developed. Buddhist schools and seminars were well organized. At the same time, local monks got the opportunities to study overseas. Though Taiwan Buddhists also devoted to bring “orthodox” Chinese Buddhist ordinations to the island and keep the Chinese Sangha ideal alive. Finally, this essay has limitation. The major limitation is the lack of source information. Significant reference has been made to the Chinese dessertation. However, in order to achieve a full picture, other sources, espcially Japanese ones, should be retrieved.

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