In addition, the oil and gas industry have changes there practices and are working with the government under new laws and regulation to prevent a future oil spill. On April 20, 2010, an event that became known as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred. It is sometime referred to as the BP oil spill, as BP was the company operating on the Deep Water horizon at the time of the spill. This oil spill is considered one of the largest oil spills in history as approximately 4.9 million barrels of oil made its way into the open ocean, reaching as far away as Florida. The oil spills occur due to a combination of system failure and human error.
It was caused when methane gas from the well shot all the way up and out of the drill column, expanded onto the platform then ignited and exploded. The explosion then led the rig to burn, with the resulting fire unable to be extinguished 2 days later it sinked leaving the well gushing causing the largest oil spill in history (as seen in Fig. A in attachments). Some estimates placed it in late May or early June 2010 as the largest oil spill in history. Flow Rate Technical Group estimated the flowing of barrels of crude oil per day at 35,000 to 60,000.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency reports that “almost 14,000 thousand oil spills are reported each year” (“Response”). Hence, it is clear that as the world continues to use this powerful, non-renewable resource more and more, accidents are very possible at any time. Moreover, oil spills damage the planet and society in numerous ways. As a result of marine oil spills, the organisms, the environments, and the economy suffer. Firstly, many organisms take damage when it comes to oil spills.
British Petroleum’s (BP) Deepwater Horizon rig exploded spewing crude oil into the ocean from the three major cracks in the rig. It rivaled the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill within days of explod... ... middle of paper ... ...es Beard. E., Hannan, M,. & Hayward, P. (2010). After the Spill.
(2011, January 16). Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling Edit Classification Publishing Workflow Featured Settings Delete Content Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/162358/ Osofsky, H. M. (n.d.). Multidimensional Governance and the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.
It is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry, an estimated 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previously largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill. The flow was stopped on 15 July 2010 and after several failed efforts to contain the flow, the well was declared sealed on 19 September 2010. 1.1. The Facts about the BP Spill Oil 1. Following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days, until it was capped on 15 July 2010.
BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-10757751 BP oil disaster (2012, February 8). BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special_reports/oil_disaster/ Kroh, K., & Conathan, M. (2012, April 19). The Lasting Impact of Deepwater Horizon: Five Reasons We Can’t Forget About the BP Oil Spill.
On April 20th, 2010 the Deepwater Horizon oil rig owned by British Petroleum (BP) exploded. The explosion was caused by pressurized methane gas that bubbled up from 18,360 feet below the sea. The explosion killed 11 workers and injured 17 others. Two days after the explosion the oil rig sank and an oil gusher, which is an out of control oil well, at the sea-floor released oil into the Gulf of Mexico for 87 days. Over the course of these 87 days the gusher leaked an estimated 205 million gallons of oil and the oil polluted thousands of square miles of ocean water (Kennedy 351, 379).
Two days after the catastrophe, On April 22nd, the first signs of oil in the water were documented. A five-mile long oil slick right outside the location of the sunken rig laid the foundation for the troublesome times ahead. Coastguard officials in New Orleans said the spill, from the Deepwater Horizon rig, covered an estimated 10 square miles. Oil officials initially feared up to 336,000 gallons of crude oil a day could rise from the sea (BP Oil Spill Timeline). This was the first sign of what was soo... ... middle of paper ... ...nse Council, 26 Oct. 2010.
The oil tanker, Exxon Valdez, left from Valdez, Alaska and was headed for Los Angeles, California. The tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Alaska. After six hours of being grounded, the Exxon Valdez spilled about 10.9 million gallons of oil (53 million gallons aboard). The BP oil spill occurred a little differently. On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded and caused the largest marine oil spill in history.