The Bay of Pigs was one of the most important political decisions in the history of the United States. The decisions that were made by President John F Kennedy showed us that the United States was far from perfect. The Bay of Pigs Invasion globally embarrassed the United States because of the lack of constructed thought put into it and its completely failed outcome. The Bag of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful attempt by United States exiles to overthrow the government of the Cuban Dictator Fidel Castro. It occurred on April 17, 1961 when six ships departed from a port in Nicaragua and landed on Bahia de Cochinos (bay of pigs) on the southern coast of Cuba.
In 1959, Fidel Castro started to grow very antagonistic with the United States and their interest. Under the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations they gave the CIA power to come up with a way to ride him of his power. Many different attempts were made, like poisoning him, putting anticommunist groups in Cuba, and also the CIA contacted the mafia so they could assassinate Castro, but in the end none of those planes worked. Many of the upper and middle class started to flee Cuba and went to settle in Florida because of the communist government takeover. The CIA decided to use these Cubans and give them the chance to overthrow Castro.
17 March 2001 Blight, James G., and Peter Kornbluh, eds. Politics of Illusion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined. London: Lynne Rienner, 1998. “Inspector General’s Survey of the Cuban Operation and Associated Documents.” Central Intelligence Agency: Electronic Document Release Center. 18 March 2001“Invasion at Bay of Pigs.” History of Cuba.
The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population. The guerillas received aid from the U.S.S.R., succeeded in winning popular support and eventually overthrew the Batista government in 1959. Despite the support they received from the U.S.S.R., and the support the U.S. had given to their enemy, the revolutionary leaders were not blind to the importance of the U.S. to Cuban economic viability and military security. Cuba is only ninety miles from the coast of Florida, and at the time of the revolution the majority of the Cuban economy was either trading with the U.S. or serving American tourists. Because of this, the more moderate Dr Manuel Urrutia Lleó was briefly made President in an attempt to soften tensions with the U.S,.
In the early 20th century, Cuba was a nation in constant political turmoil ruled by militant dictators. Prior to the elections of 1952, Fulgencio Batista took power of Cuba in a bloodless coup. His rule left the island in discontent and led to many movements to return the country to its constitutional rule of 1940. On January 1st, 1959 Batista and his family fled Cuba. On January 7th, the United States officially recognized a government that Fidel Castro had taken control of with promises of a return to a constitutional government and democratic elections.
The story of the invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of overconfidence, and lack of thinking. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly on the Central Intelligence Agency and a new president. The invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs Invasion was on April 17th in the year of 1961, was an attempt by the US government to take Fidel Castro, new communist leader of Cuba, out of power in order to install a non-communist government that favored the US’s practices. This attempt failed and the United States involvement was revealed shortly after.
Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an effort by American-backed Cuban exiles to cause the downfall of the Communist government of Fidel Castro. The plan for the invasion had in fact been Richard Nixon's, however President Eisenhower and the CIA took it from there, forming it into a plan, titled "A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime".
The elections were never carried out; instead dictator Batista halted the elections thereby ending democracy in Cuba. As a result of Batista actions, Castro attacked on July 26th, 1953 against the Moncada army barracks with 120 men. The attack failed and Fidel was arrested and sentenced to fifteen years but was pardoned after two years. During his trial preceding the sentence he gave his famous speech, “History Will Absolve Me” (Team 1). After being released he fled to Mexico.
From 1868 to 1878 occurred the Armed rebellion known as the Ten Year’s War, led by plantation owner Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a co-author of Cuba’s declaration of independence. After the loss of more than 200,000 lives, the revolt ended in failure. In 1933, Fulgencio Batista led a “sergeants” revolt” that toppled the despotic rule of Gen. Grarado Machado and it was at that time that Batista became the most powerful man in Cuba. He was elected president in 1940 and made himself chief of state with dictatorial powers. Years of corrupt government, terrorism and embezzlement made by the United States led to a revolt in 1958 under the leadership of Fidel Castro.
In 1954 and ’58 the country held presidential elections that, though purportedly “free,” were manipulated to make Batista the sole candidate”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).“Faced with the collapse of his regime and with the growing discontent of his supporters, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on January 1, 1959”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).Bastia ruled totalitarian rule, jailing anyone against him, using terrorist methods, and getting cash for him and his friends(The Editors ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. . Roques, Richard. "History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution." History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution. Http://www.rcgfrfi.easynet.co.uk, n.d.