Aztec Religions

648 Words3 Pages
Female deities in Indian and Aztec cultures. Religion has been an essential component in every culture throughout the history of mankind and has been extremely important in the development of art work from ancient periods. Evidence of beliefs in supernatural aspects of the reality has been found since the Paleolithic period; composite creatures, sacred animals, gods and goddesses are part of the many figures that have been worshipped around the world. Religions have evolved along with society during the time, and were becoming more complex; new figures were appearing and pantheons were changing within civilizations. Most of the art work that remains today from previous periods has religious connotation, from wall painting to beautiful statues. There are similarities in all cultures to associate female deities with fertility, love, devotion and beauty; but there are also differences in how the goddesses are depicted and worshipped from one culture to another as in the case of the Goddess Parvati in India, and the Goddess Chicomecoalt in Aztec culture. In Indian culture, Goddess Parvati is depicted as a beautiful and serene woman, making emphasis on the sensuality of her body. In Hindu mythology the name of Parvati means “she who dwells in the mountain” she is said to be the daughter of Mena and the Himalaya Mountain. Parvati is the consort of the God Shiva, one of the supreme deities among Hinduism. The Goddess is seen as a devoted wife and mother and represents love, fertility and beauty. Hindu mythology has evolved from the times of the Indus Valley; already in the Vedic Period a sophisticated pantheon of gods and rites (was described). The main body of Hinduism narratives is contained in Sanskrit literature such as the Vedas, ... ... middle of paper ... ...merged in his ascetic meditation. In that time Sati was reborn as Parvati; the girl who had fallen in love with him desired to marry Shiva. The god of desire, Kama, was reduced to ashes with the flame of Shiva’s third eye when the God tried to arouse him with an arrow. Parvati, realizing Shiva’s lack of interest, spent years performing severe ascetic austerities to win her husband over from his denial of domestic life. Finally, the God tests Parvati by appearing himself as an old Brahman to criticize Shiva; her devotion and desire for Shiva made him to marry her. There are many version of the story all over the India; ones tells that instead of an unpleasant man, he appeared to her as a crying baby, while she had the forms of Kali trying to calm her fury and awaking her maternal instincts. Other adaptations debate the form where Ganesh and Karttikeya were conceived.
Open Document