Aviation: The Safest Form of Transportation in the World

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Introduction Why is the sector of air transportation so sophisticated? Which events led to the development of extremely reliable aircraft and navigation systems? The aviation industry is statistically proved to be the safest form of transportation on Earth. It sounds paradoxical if considering that flying is absolutely in contrast with the law of physics from a human perspective. However, since the advent of new technologies that have supported the overall growth for the whole last century, many accidents did occur due to a primary phase, considered transactional because some of the principles of flight were still unknown when using materials beyond their structural limits, before being able to build reliable and very sophisticated machine as it occurs now. Air crashes usually has very big impact on media and sometimes to airlines rather than to the global economy, especially at presence of victims. With the intention to avoid these negative impacts and because passengers are now more demanding in terms of safety, manufacturers along with their engineers have perfected those machines by working out state-of-art practices for building up new airplane, during maintenance routines and by focusing on the materials to use for each component of the plane that shows a high level of performance while under stress and reducing so components structural failure. The current report aims to illustrate three air accidents that suffered of a structural failure while in-flight, and that have served as turning point for the whole industry to increase safety standards. After illustrating which major changes those accidents produced to the industry, a section will discusses about the risks that the black market around counterfeit parts ... ... middle of paper ... ....faa.gov/ll_main.cfm?TabID=4&LLID=21&LLTypeID=2 10- ANS report, http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19960717-0 11- http://www.federalobserver.com/2013/06/19/finally-the-truth-about-flight-800-emerges/ 12- NTSB report, 2000, http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/reports/2000/AAR0003.pdf 13- http://www.seattlepi.com/default/article/Jet-fuel-tank-protection-ordered-1279529.php 14- NTSB Report, http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/summary/AAR9006.html 15- FAA CFR Final Rule, Airworthiness standards http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgFinalRule.nsf/0/6649127916C3E5718625735600481644?OpenDocument&Highlight=engine%20structural%20failure 16- (NTSB Accident Report: AAR90-06, PDF United Airlines Flight 232 McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 Sioux Gateway Airport, Sioux City, Iowa, July 19, 1989 (NTSB/AAR-90-06)) 17- http://factorhumano.files.wordpress.com/

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