Aversion Therapy Essay

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For effective treatment of mental health problems it is important to target the underlying biological factors. What does effective treatment mean in mental health care? It means more than just drug treatment. It relates to biological psychological and social approaches to the care of those with mental health problems. It varies according to the disorder; for some it may be pharmacological, for others talking therapies and for some a combination of both (Toates, 2010, pp.1-27) Mental health problems may be due to psychosocial and biological factors. There is no single cause for mental health disorder. Mental illnesses can be caused by a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors. Heritability is suggested to be one…show more content…
Initially, individuals can receive psychological therapies such as cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), aversion therapy, contingency management therapy and aversive therapy. CBT looks at the difficulties that individuals face based on behaviours thoughts and feelings, and therapists provide the person with new ways of thinking and coping with their struggles (McLannahan, 2010 ,pp.83-117). Aversion therapy helps people with addiction problems by associating the habit with unpleasant and aversive stimulus ( Dommett, 2010). Meanwhile, contingency management therapies encourage positive behaviour by rewarding it (Dommett, 2010). All those therapies are parts of psychotherapy treatments. The aim of psychotherapy treatments is to bring relief of symptoms and changes in behaviour that can lead to improvement of well-being (Mourao,…show more content…
For instance, people with dementia and AD are often prescribed antipsychotics, cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine in order to help to send messages between certain nerve cells and increase amounts of acetylcholine which will lead to increased communication between nerve cells and also protect from damages caused by excessive release of glutamine (Leys et al, 2010, pp.75-103). This way, drugs can help stabilize some symptoms of AD. Meanwhile drugs can help to reduce withdrawal symptoms in addiction through regulation of dopamine (Dommet, 2010, pp.31-49). History has caused a shift from psychological treatment of mental health to a biological and more specifically pharmacological approach to treatment. Boniwell and Rostron, (2010) suggested that the latter approach can provide a better understanding for mental illness. For example, understanding the biological function of stress response, has allowed specialists to develop mechanisms that can control the level of chemicals in the body, thus control development of mental illnesses (Datta,
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