Autoimmune Disease Essay

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Autoimmune disease arises when a bodies own immune system inability to distinguish between the bodies one cells and foreign antigens. An individuals own body own immune system will attack against its own organs and tissues. The term autoimmunity was given to this inappropriate response. At first the thought that it was a result of the elemiation of self reactive lymphocytes during the development of bone marrow and the thymus. But then it was found that normal healthy individuals that had mature recirclating self reactive lymphocytes still have the possibility of having an immune reaction. The main function of the immune system is the ability to distinguish normal body constitvents from foreign substances such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoas and paracites. Antibodies or lymphocytes recongnize and defend against the harmful agents. Both genetics and environmental factors can be causes of autoimmune disorders. The origin of most autoimmune diseases are note clearly understood. Autoimmune disorders involve a large group of chronic and potentially life threatening disease. The loss of the ability to determine between self and nonself can lead to serious damage to organs and tissues. Autoimmunity can be categorized an organ specific disease and non organ specific disease which is also called systemic disease. Autoimmunity effects 5% to 7% of the human population. Autoimmune disease is higher in women. It often causes chronic debilitating illeness. Organ-specific autoimmune disease the immune response is directed attack on main organs. Some examples of organ-specific autoimmunity includes multiple sclerosis, Addison’s disease, insulin-dependent diabetes, pernicious anemia, myasthenia gravis, autoimmune hemolyti... ... middle of paper ... ...and maintaining the body’s ability to fight disease is critical. Medication therapy for autoimmune disease can include dugs such as corticosteroids. Theses drugs have to be used with caution because they may damage bone marrow. Fish oil and antioxidant supplementation has been shown to help anti-inflammatory intervention and help suppress autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus. Currently there are no know preventions for autoimmune diseases. They are chronis but can be controlled with treatment. Autoimmune drugs are therapy for autoimmune diseases. There are no known preventions for autoimmune disorders. Studies on autoimmune didease are beinging worked on so that there will be a better understanding of the enviroment and genetic triggers. Long term prognosis and management for these conditions will be expected to improve.

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