This paper will discuss the characteristics or Autism Spectrum Disorder, including its symptoms, treatments, and possible causes. This paper will also highlight the differences between Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) and Asperger Disorder(AD). Autism spectrum disorders effect one in 110 births in the United States. Autism spectrum disorders are severe, incurable developmental disorders whose symptoms, including impairments in social interaction and communication, emerge during the first two years of life. Asperger disorder distinguishes from Autistic disorder because its presence may not become clear until primary school, when its social and behavioral effects become problematic. Autism spectrum disorders, a research paper written by Bruce Tonge and Avril Brereton, reveals that “Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are serious neurodevelopmental disorders affecting approximately one in 160 Australians.” There is no single known cause for autism, but genetic and environmental factors may contribute to its onset. Although no case of autism is identical, several common symptoms help to identify that a person is suffering from the disorder. For diagnosis of Autism, problems in communication, socialization, and/or restricted behavior must be present before the age of three. The Department of Health and Human Services explains that ASD usually appears between 12 and 36 months. Possible indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorders include the child not babbling, pointing, or making meaningful gestures by the age of one, the child not speaking one word by 16 months, the child not combining two words by age two, and the child's inability to respond to its name. Other indicators include poor eye contact, appearing to have impaired hearing, excessi... ... middle of paper ... ...is a two-stage process composed of a screening and a comprehensive diagnostic screening. Although incurable, there are medication and therapy options that can lessen the symptoms of autism-spectrum-disorders. Works Cited Research Paper: Autism Spectrum Disorders, by Bruce Tonge and Avril Brereton http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/ http://www.bing.com/health/article/mayo-MADS00348/Autism?q=autism+causes#causes http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2005/feb/12/weekend7.weekend2 http://www.healthcommunities.com/autism/children/causes-of-autism.shtml http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/autism/complete-index.shtml http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-pervasive-developmental-disorders/index.shtml http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/asd.cfm http://www.healthguideinfo.com/aspergers-syndrome/p31859/
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Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that effects the brains development. It is characterized by affecting communication, cognition and social interaction. The spectrum of the disorders ranges from a mild condition called Asperger’s syndrome to a more severe form, which severely impairer’s development. The Office of Communications and Public Liaison states that the disorder affects one and eighty-eight children, however ASD effects boys more frequently than girls (Office of Communications and Public Liaison, 2013). ASD emerges in all age, ethnic and socioeconomic groups. The significant varied character and severity of the disorder is why ASD is considered a spectrum that poses a broad range of symptoms.
Autism or Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of complex mental development disabilities. Which can be recognized by some significant defects in behavioral events, social interactions, and other mental verbal and nonverbal communication skills in different degrees.(1,2)The phrase spectrum is referred to the board range of level of disability and symptoms that occur in
Autism’s most obvious signs tend to appear between ages 2-3 years old. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is at neurological and developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout your life. The centers for disease and prevention (CDC) estimates autism's prevalence as 1 in 68 children in the United States. This includes 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls. An estimated 50,000 teens with autism become adults. Around one third of people with autism are nonverbal. Around one third of people with autism have an intellectual disability. Certain medical and mental health issues frequently accompany the autism. They include seizures,
Autism spectrum disorder, as well as Asperger’s syndrome (a higher functioning branch of Autism spectrum disorder), is a developmental disorder that affects a person’s ability to comprehend information, handle social situations, and that person’s own behavioral personality. Autism spectrum disorder is not something that can be caught, it is speculated to be a genetic condition that passes down through heredity. Although a few people wit...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a range of neurological disorders that usually affect the normal functioning of the brain. They are characterized by highly repetitive behavior, extensive impairment in communication and social interactions as well as severely restricted interests. The spectrum encompasses Autism, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett Disorder, Pervasive Development Disorder, and Asperger’s Disorder.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. They can be categorized, in many ways, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some people with ASD thrive in music, math, visual skills and art. The acute signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to appear between the ages of 2 to 3 years old. (Autism Speaks)
Although Autism Spectrum Disorder is a disorder that is lifelong and incurable, it is true “that the symptoms of autism can be managed and often markedly reduced by various treatments and interventions” (A brief guide to autism treatments page 12) There are currently hundreds of therapies and strategies that are used to help treat Autism Spectrum Disorder; however, some are more common and effective than others.
Autism is not a disease, but a developmental disorder of brain function. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and imagination, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. Although there is no cure, appropriate management may foster relatively normal development and reduce undesirable behaviors.
Autism is a widely known disorder that often has many different misconceptions. Breakthrough studies and research are being done for the typical person to better understand the condition of this disorder. Autism affects many, but not all who are affected allow for their diagnosis to consume their lives. The functionality of this disorder is one that should not go undocumented or misunderstood. There is more hope out there for autistics to help them to life of a more prosperous and functioning life.
There is no known single cause of autism. Researchers are investigating a number of possible theories including genetics, heredity, medical problems, problems during pregnancy or delivery, as well as environmental influences. It is widely accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in the brain structure or function. There is evidence from neuropathological studies that autism has its origins in abnormal brain development early in prenatal life which continues postnatally, showing acceleration in brain growth measured by head circumference (Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Rogers, T., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Szatmari, P., 2005). The disorder also seems to have a genetic basis, although researchers have yet to find the specific genes that link to the onset of autism. There could be a cluster of genes that have somehow interfered with normal brain development and function. Studies show that twins of children with autism were more likely to be autistic themselves than the regular population, demonstrating there is a heredity lin...
Understanding autism, which is professionally known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, otherwise known as (ADS) can be a difficult task, especially for someone who is not trained in helping persons with disabilities. The first person to discover autism was a child psychiatrist, Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943. He names the spectrum disorder after the Greek word autos, meaning of or for oneself, due to the way the child display social avoidance. Many doctors’ believed in the past that autism was caused by the way the mother not caring for her child properly or ignoring him or her. There was also a time when it was thought to be caused by certain environmental stresses that cause neurological issues within the brain. Autism is one of the most misunderstood
In babies and toddlers signs can begin by the age of 6 months. At this age the possible signs are lack of smiles or joyful expressions and limited or no eye contact. At 9 months of age signs include no vocal sounds or smiles or other nonverbal communication. Children at 12 months of age that: babble, use gestures to communicate, or respond when their name is called, have possible signs of autism. At 16 months if a child does not use any words and at 24 months if they don’t use any meaningful two words phrases these could be signs of autism. Avoiding eye contact, preferring to be alone, being nonverbal or having delayed language development, repeating words or phrases, or having unusual intense reactions to sounds, tastes, textures light or colors at any age can be possible signs of autism.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a low-incidence disability that is a unique disorder that can occur in a variety of forms. The three classifications of Autism include: Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Development Disorder. ASD is a disorder that has many variations in how the disability affects children’s cognitive skills, social skills, etc. Some children with ASD have an average ability, some are considered gifted or talented, while others suffer from severe disabilities.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological disorder that affects children and individuals all over the world in large quantities. There is no known cause or cure for Autism. Autism awareness is extremely important for individuals that are affected by autism every day. Individuals and their families are struggling throughout the years, financially and emotionally. Insurance coverage for individuals on the autism spectrum is important for the duration of the individual’s life and all those involved. Autism Awareness is an important priority for the wellbeing of humanity. Autism is an epidemic.