However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”). Autism spectrum disorder and autism are different types of complex disorders of the brain development. These types of disorders are shown by their characteristics per person and also shown by their difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communications behaviors. Children that are diagnosed with Autism often have other conditions, such as epilepsy, sensitivity, depression or anxiety. They react to simulators in their own way.
These include qualitative impairment in reciprocal social interaction, qualitative impairment of verbal and non-verbal communication and imaginative activity, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests. These criteria were used to select the autistic patients for most of these studies. The presenting symptomology of autistic children is the abnormal reciprocal soci... ... middle of paper ... ...ton, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1987. Bauman, M. L., "Microscopic Neuroanatomic Abnormalities in Autism." Pediatrics.
PDD is a general category that includes Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and PDD-NOS. These disorders exhibit a range of patterns and characteristics, proving that no child is the same. While one child may be high-functioning, another may completely lack language skills. These five developmental disorders are commonly known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. “The most common are Autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) (www.learningdisabilitiesinfo.com).” Severe Autism, Rett Syndrome, and CDD are usually recognized before a child reaches the age of three.
Individuals with the disorder look physically similar to typical people, however their brains function differently. In diagnosing autism, children and adolescents undergo a series of tests in order to rule out similar behavioral disorders. In fact, autism is diagnosed on a spectrum quotient (AQ) from high-functioning/Asperger Syndrome to low-functioning (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, & Skinner, 2001). Wherever the individual falls on the spectrum, they will no doubt face difficulties throughout their lives. Adolescents with autism have an especially hard time expressing what they think and feel.
“Autism is not just one disorder, but a spectrum of closely related disorders with a shared core of symptoms” (Help guide 2013). Though it may vary in each person, autism effects the emotional, empathy, communication, flexible behavior and social skills. Autism also varies on the level of disability from one person to another, one child may show severe signs while the other you barely notice have this disorder. Sign and symptoms of autism are often ignored and passed off as a slight delay, and believe the child will grow out of it. When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested.
Autism spectrum disorder is a broad term for many diseases, one of them being autism, that affect how a kid thinks, interacts, learns, plays, and how he/she imagines. The literal term of Autism is “ . . . a group of biologically based neurodevelopmental disorders that affect a child’s behavior and social and communication skills” (Rosenblatt, Carbone, Yu 5).
The recent rise in autism identification has caused many studies to be performed over various aspects of autism. Several studies have been performed over the emotional and mental state of children who have been diagnosed with autism, and they have had mixed results. Depending on how high functioning the child is in their autism, the results can vary depending on what study is given or what symptoms the child has. Of course, another factor to take into account is how the parent interacts with the child on a regular basis. In one study, parenting styles between parents with autistic children and parents with non-autistic children differed greatly in responses (Strid, 2013).
Since these disorders have some amount of an autism spectrum, PDD is now sometimes referred to Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is the term that will be used throughout the rest of this paper. The autistic spectrum ranges from less to most severe: Less Severe Autistic Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder Asperger’s Syndrome Rett’s Syndrome Most Severe Childhood Disintergrative Disorder While communicative dysfunction is one of the central characteristics of ASD, its profile of symptoms varies widely from person to person. At one extreme, there are childre... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48(5), 1080-1097. Retrieved form EBSCOhost.
The American Family Physician (2001) states that “at least 9% of school aged children have ADHD”. ADHD is described as “a complex neurobehavioral disorder characterized by varying degrees of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity” (American Family Physician, 2001). Characteristics of ADHD can be divided into three categories, impulsiveness, inattention and hyperactivity and can include the following: • Excessive talking • Blurting • Interrupting • Not following directions • Off task behavior • Poor Self-Regulation • Distractability • Poor follow through on tasks (Okmi & Kaiser, 2000) It is important to note that some visual and hearing problems may also cause these behaviors. Medical doctors must diagnose ADHD and will rule out these problems before diagnosis. ADHD is a genetic disorder and is highly heritable, this is also important to think of when diagnosing ADHD (Tannock, 2013).
They go from having a bouncy, livey baby to a having a total stranger as their child. Many therapies have been devised to help autistic children. Some of these therapies are: behavior therapy, speech and language therapy, holding therapy, music therapy, and the newest one, facilitation therapy. Since most autistic children are different and th... ... middle of paper ... ...bsp; Another treatment for autism is an effective medication called clomipramine. It was reported in the Archives of General Psychiatry that it "reduced a range of symptoms in three-quarters of autistic children tested" (Goleman C11).