Autism Spectrum Disorder, Tardive Dyskinesia, Attention Hyperactive Deficit Disorder

1400 Words3 Pages
Statement of the Problem: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by problematic social interaction and significant communication impairment, together with the presence of behavior, actions, and interests that are recurring and restraining. (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). These patients face tremendous difficulties in their adolescent to maintain peer relationships and have very few associates, with many of them not even understanding the concept of loneliness. (Bauminger and Kasari, 2000; Orsmond et al., 2004). According to Bauminger and Kasari, (2000), these children had at least one friend but their friendship was lacking the most basic elements, i.e., companionship, security, and assistance. These children prefer not to engage in social activities (Buttimer and Tierney, 2005), well thought-out activities, organized games, (Law et al., 2006) actions requiring them to leave the house or requiring energy expenditure (Brown and Gordon, 1987). Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric condition with lack of attention, and/or hyperactivity and acting impulsively which is inappropriate for a person’s age (Berry, 2012). Prevalence of ADHD is 6-7 % when diagnosed via DSM-IV criteria (Willcutt, 2012) and 1-2% when diagnosed via ICD-10 criteria (Philip 2012). Studies have shown that 33-58% of the children diagnosed with ADHD in their childhood suffer the same fate when they enter their period of adolescent and adult age with considerable impairment. (Lara et al., 2009; Lie N, 1992; Barkley et al., 2002; Rasmussen and Gillberg, 2000) Data from United States shows that adolescents with typical development (TD) spend a greater share of their time after getting out of bed in the morning in soci... ... middle of paper ... ... Special Children’s Educational Institute (SCEI) is a private institute that provides platform for mentally and physically challenge children to prepare for this world. 2. Aga Khan University Hospital is the leading tertiary care hospital of Pakistan with a well developed pediatric clinic, pediatric ward and psychiatry services. Inclusion criteria: 1. Parents of children with previously or newly diagnosis of ADHD will be included. 2. Parents/teachers of children with previously or newly diagnosis of ASD will be included. 3. For children with TD, no previous diagnosis of ASD, ADHD or other developmental disorder should be present at the time of enrollment in our study. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Children with diagnosis of more than one developmental disorder. 2. Children with diagnosis of developmental disorder other than that mentioned in our study and research topic.
Open Document