“Autism is not just one disorder, but a spectrum of closely related disorders with a shared core of symptoms” (Help guide 2013). Though it may vary in each person, autism effects the emotional, empathy, communication, flexible behavior and social skills. Autism also varies on the level of disability from one person to another, one child may show severe signs while the other you barely notice have this disorder. Sign and symptoms of autism are often ignored and passed off as a slight delay, and believe the child will grow out of it. When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested.
PDD is a general category that includes Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and PDD-NOS. These disorders exhibit a range of patterns and characteristics, proving that no child is the same. While one child may be high-functioning, another may completely lack language skills. These five developmental disorders are commonly known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. “The most common are Autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) (www.learningdisabilitiesinfo.com).” Severe Autism, Rett Syndrome, and CDD are usually recognized before a child reaches the age of three.
Autism 3 An Assessment of Autism Autism is a physical disorder of the brain that causes a lifelong developmental disability. The many different symptoms of autism can occur by themselves or in combination with other conditions such as: mental retardation, blindness, deafness, and epilepsy. Children with autism vary widely in their abilities and behavior. Each symptom may appear differently in each child. Children with autism often show some forms of bizarre, repetitive behavior called stereotyped behavior.
Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental influences. Variations in symptomology and in prognosis among autistic persons depend on both the severity and the extent of the underlying brain dysfunction (Repin, 1991). Several studies have been conducted including neuroanatomic imaging, microscopic neuroanatomic observations and positron emission tomography in order to locate this dysfunction.
a group of biologically based neurodevelopmental disorders that affect a child’s behavior and social and communication skills” (Rosenblatt, Carbone, Yu 5). Some of the diseases related to As I mentioned before, it is very hard to tell whether a kid has an ASD. I will give some examples of a kid that has an ASD. A typical child will turn his head when he/she hears their name. A child with an ASD might not turn or look at all even though you have called his/her name several times, but will respond to other sounds.
Autism Spectrum Disorder also known as ASD is a Neurological Disorder affecting about 1 out of 54 boys and 1 in 252 girls in the United States. The Government has said that the Autism rate has increased a 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years. ASD is a Disease that has such a big effect on a kid’s life, the family, and everyone around them. A Child diagnosed with autism will have to everyday struggle to deal with normal life situations like communication and social skills that normal toddlers are able to pick up naturally. There are three main types of ASD’s: Autistic disorder which is also called “Classic” Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Persuasive Developmental Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified short for PDD-NOS also called “Atypical Autism”.
There are a lot thing this to why it exists. They include a change of a misdiagnosis, the chances of which some children becoming an adult form different forms of Autism than what they had when they was a child. Sometimes with a Autism child they can grow out the Autism mind set and can no longer meet the criteria of being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Some children who have no longer met the criteria of being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder are later diagnosed with attention deficit. Children that are diagnosed with Autism have their own disabilities and strengths.
Autistic disorder is also known as classic autism and is what is commonly thought of when people hear the word autism. Children with this disorder have impairments with communication and social interaction and can often experience language delays. Also, children tend to show repetitive actions and have intellectual disabilities. The Autism Community website provides a list of symptoms that can help diagnose children. Based on this list, there are a certain number of symptoms from each category that suggest that a child should be tested for autism.
In today’s society, every person and profession will at some point encounter a child or an adult with autism. It is important that everyone has a basic understanding of this disorder. Autism is a complex mental disorder that at its best hinders the child socializing with peers and in worst cases inhibits verbal communication and causes repetitive body movement. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition the following five subcategories have been removed and merged into the general term of ASD or Autism Spectrum Disorder. They are: Autism Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, Rett's disorder, Persuasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, and Childhood disintegrative disorder.
Recently, genetic specialists have identified a number of rare gene mutations and crossovers associated with autism (The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). In most cases, the disorder appears to be the result of a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development. While all people with autism share certain difficulties, the condition affects each individual in different ways. Some autistic patients are able to live relatively independent lives but others may have accompanying learning disabilities and need a lifetime of specialist support. People with autism often experience over or under sensitivity to sounds, touch, smells, light or colors (The National Autistic Society, 2013).