Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disability that appears during early childhood at around age 3, that will affect children in many ways, such as academic performance which includes, communication, learning and behavior issue, but each individual is different and only have few of these characteristics shown. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is not recognized Autism as special education until 1990. Research has shown that the cause of autism is not known. However, research has shown, a person with autism, that their brain looks different than an average person such as “they have a shorter brain stem, lacks the superior olive and has a smaller than normal facial nucleus.” (Nancy Hunt, Kathleen Marshall, p. 306) Some of the signs to look for to determine whether your child may be developing autism are: *child does not smile or exhibit joyful expressions by six months or older *child does not imitate sounds, smiles, or other facial expressions by nine months * child does not babble or make efforts toward verbal expression by 12 months or older * child does not imitate gestures, such as pointing, showing, reaching, or waving by 12 months or older. * child does not form words by 16 months or older * child does not construct two words, meaningful phrases, without repeating by 24 months or older * child loose of speech or social skills at any age. (Total Health communication, 2008) Children with autism often demonstrate unusual, uneven learning patterns. They may have difficulty in learning skills, such as reading or writing, they may also have difficulty working with memory tasks. Most people diagnosed with autism are also diagnosed with intellectual disabilities at all levels. Most children ... ... middle of paper ... ...-center/contact/ UW Autism Center Phone: (206) 221- 6808 Email: no email Website: http://depts.washington.edu/uwautism/clinical-services/ (Center for parent Information and Resources, 2010) In conclusion, autism is identified as special education in 1990 and is one of the categories that under IDEA. Children who have Autism may have different types of characteristics but it really depended on the child. Most children with autism look like any other typically developing young child, but some of the characteristics that can be associated with autism was children may having trouble to make eye contact, lack of learning skills like writing and reading, and they may repeat words or phrase and also refer themselves as a third person and etc. Children with autism often require a lot of support in different area, but the most important one is support from the family

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