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Autism Spectrum Disorder

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What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically? Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life. Autism Spectrum Disorder is a disorder that can be detrimental to the infected individual.
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are both general terms for a group of lifelong neurological growth disorders. These disorders are often characterized by an individual’s difficulty in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. Recently, genetic specialists have identified a number of rare gene mutations and crossovers associated with autism (The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). In most cases, the disorder appears to be the result of a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development. While all people with autism share certain difficulties, the condition affects each individual in different ways. Some autistic patients are able to live relatively independent lives but others may have accompanying learning disabilities and need a lifetime of specialist support. People with autism often experience over or under sensitivity to sounds, touch, smells, light or colors (The National Autistic Society, 2013).
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...cts how you communicate and interact with other people. No two autistic patients will experience the same variety of symptoms or will have the same quality of life. A typical individual with autism will never expand outside their comfort zone and will always prefer live in solitude.

Works Cited

The National Autistic Society. (2013, November 12). About autism. Retrieved from. www.autism.org.uk/about-autism.aspx Nordqvist, C. (2008, September 01). What is autism? what causes autism?. Retrieved from www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/autism/ The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (n.d.). Autism spectrum disorder. Retrieved from www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-pervasive-developmental- disorders/index.shtml Autism Speaks Inc. (2013). What is autism?. Retrieved from www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism
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