Autism Essay

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Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS), can be defined as a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the challenges with social skills, behavioral repetition, and verbal and nonverbal communication (What Is Autism? 2012). Autism can be caused by many different combinations of genetic and environmental factors. Autism is much more likely to happen to boys than girls, in fact boys are 4.5 times more likely to be diagnosed across all spectrums of race, ethnic, and social groups. Those who have autism typically have a better IQ then those without autism. Early speech or behavioral interventions can help children with autism gain self-care, social, and communication skills. An autistic culture has developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder. In many cases Autism can be identified mainly between the ages of two and three. However, there are some cases where it has been identified as early as 18 months (Bleicher 2013). Some symptoms gradually begin after six months and become established by age two or three and continue through adulthood. Unusual social development becomes apparent early in childhood. Autistic infants show less attention to social stimuli, smile and look at others less often, and respond less to their own name. The autistic toddlers differ more from social norms; for example, they have less eye contact and do not have the ability to use simple movements to express themselves, such as pointing at things. Most children with autism display less attachment than neurotypical children, although this difference disappears in children with higher mental development or less severe ASD (Anderson 2011). Older children and a... ... middle of paper ... ...s that those with autism face, their family, friends, and loved ones also face those challenges too. Since autism is influenced by both genetic and environment there is a curiosity that sparks to find those environment factors that truly disturb the genetic make-up of those affected by autism. Although there has been much research into ASD the search for an absolute is on the rise. When talking about treating autism there are going to be challenges, but the challenge that is becoming the issue is the over and under diagnosing of autism. The main goal of the autistic community is to further understand how autism works and what the best treatment could be. Lastly, the more we know and can find out about autism will help those in the education field to better the environments in the classrooms of the special education departments in elementary, middle, and high schools.

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