BACKGROUND It was Eugen Bleuler who coined the word "autism" in schizophrenic patients who were self-absorbed. The beginning of analysis on Autism started as early as 1939 as an extension of Psychoanalysis, a method developed by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis were mainly used in therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders and thus extended its way into autism which is also characterized by brain disorders. Leo Kanner, a psychiatrist from John Hopkins University first established the term “Early Infantile Autism” which he described as a distinct neurological condi... ... middle of paper ... ...had 6% more brain volume than the ones who didn’t have autism. Latefa A. Dardas and Muayyad M. Ahmad from University of Jordan discussed extensively on the Quality of life (QoL) among parents of children with autistic disorder.
Dr Leo Kanner based his theory on 11 children who showed signs of withdrawal from human contact, this started at age 1 between the years of 1938 to 1943. In the 1940’s, the research of autism was so rare and this was a new case, Dr. Leo Kanner based the disability to be schizophrenia which in the eyes of the parents they thought they were at fault. In the 60’s, that is when the knowledge of autism and the treatments came clear. (Edelson Para. 8) Having the basic history of autism will let people understand where and how Dr. Leo Kanner had come across the disability.
That’s not a good thing.” While my friend is not the baseline for the general population’s reaction to autism, I feel that it would be beneficial if everyone were able to understand people with autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders instead of fearing them as some world-ending disaster. While Eugene Bleuler was the first to use the word “autism” to describe patients that exhibited some characteristics of the criteria people use today to define Autism Spectrum Disorder the term was more properly used by Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943 when he wrote a report on a group of children who presented with a lack of interest in people, high intelligence, and good memory. However the children also showed sensitivity to sound and other stimuli, had difficulty adjusting to routine changes and spontaneous activities and exhibited echolalia, or the tendency to repeat words meaninglessly. Kanner published a paper on the children and defined their behavior as early infantile autism (Mandal). A year later in Germany Hans Asperger published his report on similar b... ... middle of paper ... ...ically typical people.
About 40% of people with Tuberous sclerosis develop Autism (TSC and Autism Spectrum Disorders). The main reason for the two diseases link is because of “the abnormalities in brai... ... middle of paper ... ... "Effect of Autism on Families." Effect of Autism on Families Autism Society of Edmonton Area. N.p., n.d. Web.
... ... middle of paper ... ...was diagnosed with PDD-NOS, which is a type of autistic disorder that is utilized for "rigorous and pervasive impairment in the development of reciprocal convivial interaction, but the criteria are not met for a categorical autistic disorder. In the early components of this year, his parents had genetics test done on him to optically discern if his twin brother could possibly have the trait to have autism. It was found that he has the Fragile X Syndrome. Fragile X syndrome is associated with the expansion of the CGG trinucleotide reiterate affecting the Fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene on the X chromosome, resulting in a failure to express the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), which is required for mundane neural development. Absence of FMRP in turn leads to abnormalities in brain development and function.
History of Autism, ASD, and AD Leo Kanner, a doctor at Johns Hopkins Hospital and the first self-described child-psychiatrist, first described what we now know to be autism in his 1943 paper titled, "Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact." He described a disorder similar to, but distinct from childhood schizophrenia. Autism, taken from symptoms of schizophrenia, described withdrawn symptoms or social interaction problems, and was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Ed. (DSM-III) under the name Infantile Autism in 1980. This was later changed to autism in the revised DSM-III in 1987.
The first person to use this term was a Eugen Bleuler. He was a Swiss Psychiatrist. He started this in 1911 and he used this to refer to certain symptoms from schizophrenia. The term became used in the USA in the 1940’s. It was then used by a doctor from John Hopkins University to name withdrawn behavior that he observed by children.
Autism Spectrum Disorder it a social behaviour inadequacy condition that affects around 1 in every 100 people. It is diagnosed through the use of referral, for a formal assessment which will usually be multi-disciplinary. Autism spectrum disorder is an untreatable disorder however people with autism spectrum disorder can be helped through the use of intervention therapy and various medication. These therapies usually teach the child how to deal with various social situations, whereas medication is used to neutralise brain functions to do with autism spectrum disorder. In 1911 the term autism was first coined, by a psychiatrist by the name of Eugne Bleuler.
However, the differences are when the symptoms begin, severity of the disorder and the exact nature of the symptoms. "Autism" derived from a Greek word "autós" meaning "self" - self isolation and the first person who used this term was an Austrian psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler to describe one group of symptoms of schizophrenia in 1908. This disease was first identified by an American psychiatrist - Leo Kranner in 1943. Autism (or ASD) is a wide-spectrum disorder leading to no two people with ASD will have an exact same symptom.  The different variations of ASD symptoms, some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones.
Autism is a disorder that affects an individual’s communication skills, social skills, and way of thinking and comprehending things (WebMD). Autism is a lifelong disorder that does not go away with age. Some signs of autism include inability to speak, jumping up and down or rocking back and forth repetitively, sensitivity to noise, avoiding eye contact, avoiding social interactions, etc., (WebMD). In the United States, more males are diagnosed with autism than females (Hartzell, 2012). There are many people who believe that certain vaccines cause autism, specifically the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine (Kirkland, 2012).