Autism has become a more frequently diagnosed disorder than ever before. There are three behavioral domains that psychologists use to diagnose autism: repetitive behavior, deficits in social interaction and communication (Lewis, Tanimura, Lee, & Bodfish, 2006). Repetitive behavior is operationally defined as the broad class of behaviors related by repetition, rigidity and invariance (Lewis et al., 2006). When it comes to repetitive behaviors in autism and brain function, there is not much research done. Importance is obvious for this topic because if researchers find what in the brain causes the repetitive behavior, they could treat it.
A Look into Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex disorders and symptoms associated with autism during the months of infancy. Babies who would normally look toward recognizable voices and reach out to people are often times devoid of these social growth indicators.
The answer…autism. Through retrospective diagnosis and research, all seven men have been speculated to have had autism or display symptoms and behavioral traits of autistic individuals. Admittedly, when I first chose to explore autism, I figured it would be an easier psychological issue to discuss than bi-polar disorder or schizophrenia. Only after researching autism for an hour or so, I quickly realized this was not the case. Autism may very well be one of the most complex and examined disorders, for it’s a disorder that stirs up tons of questions yet yields very few answers.
This article scared many parents into no longer vaccinating their children, which increased the outbreak of the communicable diseases again such as Measles, Chicken Pox and Pertussis. In 2010, Andrew Wakefield’s research was found to be untrue and therefore retracted from being published. He did his research on Autistic children who’s parents were convinced that it was due to their immunization shots. Much research has been published from 1998-2010 that proves that there is no relationship between Autism and immunizations. Since the kids display the symptoms of Autism around the same time as when they get their immunization shots, they had to do the research on children not getting the vaccines.
The exact cause of autism is still unknown although there are many factors that play a role in it for example mother’s weight, teratogens and genetics. There is prenatal diagnosis of autism known as chromosomal microarray (CMA), the technology detects copy number variations (CNVs) — deletions or duplications of stretches of DNA that are too small to be seen using a microscope. CNVs have been increasingly linked to psychiatric and other disorders, including autism and schizophrenia (Emily Singer, 2012). This genetic disease runs in my family; it is on my mother’s side and my father’s side, as most cases of autism we don’t know whether it is from genetic or environmental causes, or both. If both parents carry the gene for autism the percentage for the child to carry it is very high, much higher than if only one parent carried it.
These substances contain a lot of poisons, chemicals, or bacteria that are very dangerous for a fetus to be exposed too. This is why people say pregnant women should just stay away from places where these substances are. But the main theory that many people think causes autism is vaccines. Although vaccines are supposed to prevent disease, people think there is a chemical in them which causes autism, but this theory is false! The cause of autism has not yet been fully determined, but it is not caused by vaccines; it is usually caused by genetics, metabolic or neurological factors, or lastly problems that occurred during birth.
Because both are extremely rare genetic diseases, they are usually considered to be separate medical conditions that don't truly belong on the autism spectrum. Today, there are more children being diagnosed with Autism. It's not understood whether this is due to better identification or coverage of autism or a real increase in the number of cases or both. Autism is not a solitary illness, but a range of related illnesses with symptoms that are similar. Every individual on the autism spectrum has problems to some degree with social skills, empathy, communication, and flexible behavior.
The theory that vaccines cause autism has since been disproven by numerous studies conducted around the world. “One in 110 American children are considered to fall somewhere along the autism spectrum, according to the latest report released by the federal government” (Park). Autism is a complex developmental disability which is a brain based disorders that affect a person’s behavior, social and communication skill, some are gifted this meaning the child can be very bright and have an above average IQ while others are severely challenged. According to “ Autism Society improving Life of all Affected by Autism”, Experts believe that Autism presents itse... ... middle of paper ... ...ies, these should be made in infants and up to the age of three in order to find out the autistic syndrome causes and development. In order for us to understand this epidemic growth.
His research was called weak by drug corporations, governments and media companies and was then discredited earning him a fraud reputation. His paper has since raised a decade long argument on MMR vaccine originating autism spectrum disorder. This has caused a lot of parents to withdraw their children from being vaccinated, which increased measles infections. Many studies and research projects have been carried out to find relevance between MMR and Autism. Patients with autism were found to have been harboring an increased number of antibodies to measles when a study was conducted on several patients of Autism.
These children also experience language delays that cause them to speak at a toddler level as grade school children and often as an adolescent in adulthood. They have trouble with pronu... ... middle of paper ... ...overies made about autism have helped to shed light on some genetic beliefs as well as, the dangers of some environmental factors, such as, pesticides, metals, and pollutants. Although the study of autism is still very broad there are organizations such as CHARGE and other researchers that are trying to pinpoint more direct causes. Due to the large variety of contributing factors this goal will prove extremely difficult. Adults looking to conceive cannot control the genetic factors, however being aware of the environmental contributors can help to prevent exposure to them.